Mauritius is home to unique wildlife and biodiversity, particularly endemic species. In fact, the high level of endemic and species diversity per unit by area has resulted in the Mascarenes being identified as a Centre of Plant Diversity by the World Conservation Union (IUCN). …
Is Mauritius a biodiversity hotspot?
Mauritius has been designated by IUCN as a “Centre of Plant Diversity” and is included in the Madagascar and Indian Ocean Islands biodiversity hotspot. … Overall, 89% of endemic Mauritian flora is now considered threatened and 61 of the country’s indigenous species are already classified as extinct.
How is Mauritius protecting its biodiversity?
Mauritius is protecting its biodiversity by creating multiple national parks and by removing invasive species (those not indigenous to the island).
What is mega biodiversity country?
Megadiversity Countries is a term used to refer to the world’s top biodiversity-rich countries. This country-focused method raises national awareness for biodiversity conservation in nations with high biological diversity, with many species unique to a specific country.
What is the climate in Mauritius?
Mean summer temperature is 24.7 degrees Celsius and mean winter temperature is 20.4 degrees Celsius. Although there is no marked rainy season, most of the rainfall occurs in summer months. … The Island receives 6.5 to above 8 hours of bright sunshine daily.
Where is Mauritius located?
How do marine protected areas Mpas bring income into the community?
Marine protected areas help protect important habitats and representative samples of marine life and can assist in restoring the productivity of the oceans and avoid further degradation. They are also sites for scientific study and can generate income through tourism and sustainable fishing.
Which of these island nations is a possession of France?
|France||Clipperton Island||Possession of France|
|Europa Island||Possession of France, administered from Réunion, claimed by Madagascar (no permanent population).|
|French Guiana||Overseas Department of France|
|French Polynesia||Overseas Lands of France|
Which is not a mega diversity country?
There are 17 megadiversity countries of the world. There are Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Democratic, Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, United States and Venezuela.
Which region has greatest diversity?
Species diversity is greatest in the tropics, particularly in tropical forests and coral reefs. The Amazon basin in South America has the largest area of tropical forests. The southwestern Pacific has the greatest diver- sity of coral reef species.
How can we save mega diversity?
In accordance with the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, for a country to be considered mega-diverse, it must:
- Have at least 5,000 endemic plants.
- Have marine ecosystems within its borders.
Why is our country a mega diverse terms of biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism.