Best answer: What are the leading causes of mental illness in Nigeria?

Also, the most common cause of mental illness was substance abuse and alcohol, then supernatural powers and magic. 46% preferred orthodox methods of treatment.

What are the leading causes of mental disorder in Nigeria?

“Drug Abuse” is the most common cause of mental health disorder. Possession by evil spirits and sickness of the mind (Brain) ranked as the second and third most common factors.

What are the main causes of mental illness?

What causes mental disorders?

  • Your genes and family history.
  • Your life experiences, such as stress or a history of abuse, especially if they happen in childhood.
  • Biological factors such as chemical imbalances in the brain.
  • A traumatic brain injury.
  • A mother’s exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals while pregnant.

Which mental disorder has the highest prevalence in Nigeria?

Of the 4984 people interviewed (response rate 79.9%), 12.1% had a lifetime rate of at least one DSM–IV disorder and 5.8% had 12-month disorders. Anxiety disorders were the most common (5.7% lifetime, 4.1% 12-month rates) but virtually no generalised anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder were identified.

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What are 5 risk factors for mental disorders?

Common Risk Factors

  • Family history of mental health problems.
  • Complications during pregnancy or birth.
  • Personal history of Traumatic Brain Injury.
  • Chronic medical condition such as cancer or diabetes, especially hypothyroidism or other brain-related illness such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s.
  • Use of alcohol or drugs.

How many psychiatric hospital do we have in Nigeria?

There are only eight federal neuropsychiatric hospitals in Nigeria.

How many Psychiatrists are in Nigeria?

Nigeria has an estimated population of >200 million people, with about 250 psychiatrists currently practicing in the West African country, according to the Association of Psychiatrists in Nigeria.

How can we tell if someone is mentally ill?

Warning Signs of Mental Illness

  • Sleep or appetite changes — Dramatic sleep and appetite changes or decline in personal care.
  • Mood changes — Rapid or dramatic shifts in emotions or depressed feelings.
  • Withdrawal — Recent social withdrawal and loss of interest in activities previously enjoyed.

What are the 5 signs of mental illness?

The five main warning signs of mental illness are as follows:

  • Excessive paranoia, worry, or anxiety.
  • Long-lasting sadness or irritability.
  • Extreme changes in moods.
  • Social withdrawal.
  • Dramatic changes in eating or sleeping pattern.

Can a mental illness be cured?

Treatment can involve both medications and psychotherapy, depending on the disease and its severity. At this time, most mental illnesses cannot be cured, but they can usually be treated effectively to minimize the symptoms and allow the individual to function in work, school, or social environments.

What is the prevalence of depression in Nigeria?

Depression is a significant public health problem, and at a prevalence rate of 3.9%, 7 million Nigerians currently suffer from it (1). Several studies conducted among different populations have however reported a much higher prevalence.

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How do I become a psychiatrist in Nigeria?

They first do a medical degree at university. Next they spend at least one or two years training as a general doctor. They then complete at least five years training in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness. Psychologists have at least six years of university training and supervised experience.

Does Nigeria have a mental health plan?

The mental health policy of Nigeria is based on the principles of social justice and equity. Other principles include guaranteeing the rights of persons with mental, neurological and psychosocial disorders, as well as the integration of mental health care services into general health care services at all levels.

What are 4 risk factors for addiction?

Biological factors that can contribute to someone’s risk for drug abuse and addiction include:

  • Genetics. You may have heard that drug and alcohol addiction can run in families. …
  • Developmental stage. …
  • Sensitivity to drugs. …
  • Mental illness. …
  • Gender. …
  • Ethnicity.

Who is at higher risk of depression?

Age. Major depression is most likely to affect people between the ages of 45 and 65. “People in middle age are at the top of the bell curve for depression, but the people at each end of the curve, the very young and very old, may be at higher risk for severe depression,” says Walch.

What is a mental breakdown?

A nervous breakdown (also called a mental breakdown) is a term that describes a period of extreme mental or emotional stress. The stress is so great that the person is unable to perform normal day-to-day activities. The term “nervous breakdown” isn’t a clinical one. Nor is it a mental health disorder.

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