In 1878, Tetteh Quarshie, a Ghanaian blacksmith, brought cocoa beans to Ghana from the Fernando Po Islands (now called Isla de Bioko). It is believed that he smuggled the beans to Ghana by swallowing them. In 1879, he successfully planted the first cocoa trees on a farm in Mampong-Akwapem.
Who brought cocoa to Gold Coast?
In mid-1937, the two large firms buying cocoa in the Gold Coast, Cadbury and the United Africa Company, initiated an agreement regarding the terms of cocoa purchases. Ultimately, 13 firms, comprising 94% of cocoa purchases in the Gold Coast, joined the agreement.
Who brought cocoa to Africa?
The credit of having first brought the cacao tree from the New World to the African tropics undoubtedly goes to the Portuguese. They are reputed to have planted cacao on the island of San Thome” (off French Gabon) as far back as 1822.
How was cocoa discovered in Ghana?
Cocoa cultivation began in Ghana, according to the legend, fostered by a blacksmith called Tetteh Quarshie, who, in 1895, returned to his farm in the Eastern Region of Ghana with cocoa beans “in his pocket” from the island of Fernando Po (now Bioko) in Equatorial Guinea where there was already intensive plantation …
Where did Tetteh Quarshie come from?
Why is cocoa grown in Africa?
Cocoa needs a high temperature, plenty of water, and air that is always moist. Therefore, cocoa is grown in the hot and humid regions of Africa (mainly in forest regions), Central and South America, Asia and Oceania.
When did chocolate go to Africa?
By 1819, Christian missionaries brought cocoa beans to West Africa to grow there, because West Africa had the same rainy, hot climate as Central America, and there weren’t any wars there.
Is Ghana famous for chocolate?
Ghana is the second-largest supplier of cocoa to the global market—cocoa beans from Ghana make up about 25 percent of the global supply. The country is widely known for its cocoa beans, but not its chocolate.
Where was the first cocoa farm in Ghana?
This was the first cocoa farm in This was the first cocoa farm in Ghana and the birthplace of Ghana’s burgeoning cocoa industry. The original seedlings were brought from Fernando Po Island just off the coast of Equatorial Guinea by Tetteh Quarshie himself in 1879. Three original trees remain.
Where in Ghana is cocoa mainly grown?
Cocoa production occurs in the country’s forested areas: Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central Region, Eastern Region, Western Region, and Volta, where rainfall is 1,000-1,500 millimeters per year.
Why is cocoa important to Ghana?
“Cocoa is a major source of foreign exchange for Ghana and foreign exchange is good for the country. Also, cocoa money is used for hospitals and roads for the benefit of the country. Cocoa is the backbone of the Ghanaian economy.” (Male FGD participants, Western Region).
Does Ghana produce chocolate?
In 2019/2020, Ghana is estimated to have produced about 800 thousand tons of cocoa beans, a decrease from approximately 812 thousand tons in 2018/2019. Although cocoa beans originate from South America, the majority of cocoa bean production is attributed to Africa.
What is the name of Tetteh Quarshie’s father?
His father was a farmer known as Mlekuboi, from Teshie. His mother, Ashong-Fio, hailed from Labadi. Tetteh Quarshie, who gained prominence for being an agriculturalist, was in fact the first blacksmith to be established at Akwapim-Mampong.