Another problem in cocoa production in Ghana is low yields per ha, which is attributed to the incidence of pests and diseases, a low producer price, and non-adoption of research recommendations.
What are the problems faced by cocoa farmers?
Challenges in the cocoa sector
- Poverty and inadequate living conditions. Most of the cocoa farming families live in extreme poverty. …
- Child labor in cocoa. …
- Deforestation and loss of biodiversity. …
- The threat of climate change. …
- Lack of access to finance and inadequate infrastructure.
What are the problems faced in cocoa production in Ghana?
Cocoa farmers face a number of challenges: small plots of land, aging trees that are less productive and small profits that make it difficult to support themselves and send their children to school.
What is troubling about cocoa production today?
Cocoa production is beset by complex economic, social, and environmental problems, including poverty, child labor, and deforestation. Governments, nonprofits, manufacturers, and others have endeavored to tackle these issues—and none has wholly succeeded.
Why is cocoa farming important?
Cocoa, Theobroma cacao , is a very important crop because it provides food, income, employment, industrial raw material and resources for poverty reduction . Besides the provision of livelihood for millions of smallholder farmers, cocoa also provides raw material for the multibillion global chocolate industry.
How much money does a cocoa farmer make?
Many cocoa farmers earn less than $1/day. Farmers are often unable to bear the costs of cocoa farming, turning instead to child labour.
How much cocoa does Ghana export?
Exports: In 2019, Ghana exported $1.61B in Cocoa Beans, making it the 2nd largest exporter of Cocoa Beans in the world.
Why are cocoa farmers poor?
Cocoa farmers’ poverty persists also because of the unequal bargaining power between cocoa farmers, and both large multinational companies and governments.
Where in Ghana is cocoa grown?
Cocoa production occurs in the country’s forested areas: Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central Region, Eastern Region, Western Region, and Volta, where rainfall is 1,000-1,500 millimeters per year. The crop year begins in October, when purchases of the main crop begin, with a smaller mid-crop cycle beginning in July.
Why is cocoa production at risk?
The cultivation of cacao has always been a risky venture. Aging trees limit productivity; disease decimates about 30% of annual production; and climate change studies show the crop will be adversely affected by higher temperatures and increased water evaporation.
Which country produces the best cocoa?
The Ivory Coast and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa, accounting for more than 50 percent of the world´s cocoa. In 2016, the Ivory Coast alone produced approximately 1.6 million metric tons of cocoa beans.