In 1878, Tetteh Quarshie, a Ghanaian blacksmith, brought cocoa beans to Ghana from the Fernando Po Islands (now called Isla de Bioko). It is believed that he smuggled the beans to Ghana by swallowing them. In 1879, he successfully planted the first cocoa trees on a farm in Mampong-Akwapem.
Who introduced cocoa crops to Ghana?
Cocoa was introduced in the southern region of the Gold Coast in the mid-19th century by commercial farmers from the Eastern region dis- tricts of Akuapem and Krobo, who had moved west toward the adjacent district of Akyem to purchase mostly unoccu- pied forest land from the local chiefs for cocoa cultivation (Hill …
Who brought cocoa to Africa?
The credit of having first brought the cacao tree from the New World to the African tropics undoubtedly goes to the Portuguese. They are reputed to have planted cacao on the island of San Thome” (off French Gabon) as far back as 1822.
Does cocoa come from Ghana?
About 70 percent of the world’s cocoa beans come from four West African countries: Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon. The Ivory Coast and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa, accounting for more than 50 percent of the world´s cocoa.
Why is Ghana a good place to grow cocoa?
This is because it can only take place in Ghana’s forest agro-ecological zone. In this zone, the rainfall is ideal for cocoa at 1500-2000mm, with a dry season of about four months. Also, cocoa trees thrive under shade.
Does Ghana export cocoa?
Cocoa is Ghana’s most important agricultural export, making up 23% of total export earnings. Ghana is the 2nd largest cocoa exporter in the world. Other main exporters of Cocoa include Côte D’Ivoire, Nigeria and Cameroon.
Why is cocoa grown in Africa?
Cocoa needs a high temperature, plenty of water, and air that is always moist. Therefore, cocoa is grown in the hot and humid regions of Africa (mainly in forest regions), Central and South America, Asia and Oceania.
When was cocoa brought to Ghana?
Cocoa cultivation began in Ghana, according to the legend, fostered by a blacksmith called Tetteh Quarshie, who, in 1895, returned to his farm in the Eastern Region of Ghana with cocoa beans “in his pocket” from the island of Fernando Po (now Bioko) in Equatorial Guinea where there was already intensive plantation …
When did chocolate go to Africa?
By 1819, Christian missionaries brought cocoa beans to West Africa to grow there, because West Africa had the same rainy, hot climate as Central America, and there weren’t any wars there.
What is the best cocoa in the world?
Rare cacao varietals such as Nacional and Porcelana have been found in parts of northern South America, and many people regard those as some of the best cocoa beans in the world. The Caribbean island of Trinidad only grows trinitario cacao, a highly flavorful type of cacao developed on the island hundreds of years ago.
How much money does Ghana make from cocoa?
Cocoa farmers in Ghana make $1/day, while those in Côte d’Ivoire make around $0.78/day—both significantly below the extreme poverty line. Farmers are often unable to bear the costs of cocoa farming as a result of low incomes.
Does chocolate help the economy?
Cocoa plays a very important economic role for small farmers. As a cash crop it can provide necessary income for the purchasing of food (Bentley et al. … 2002) and Gockowski and Ndoumbé (2004) report that in households where cocoa is an important source of income, it contributes roughly one-third of revenue within them.
What is Ghana known for?
Formerly known as the Gold Coast, Ghana gained independence from Britain in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan nation to break free from colonial rule. Gold, cocoa and more recently oil form the cornerstone of Ghana’s economy and have helped fuel an economic boom.
Is Ghana famous for chocolate?
Ghana is the second-largest supplier of cocoa to the global market—cocoa beans from Ghana make up about 25 percent of the global supply. The country is widely known for its cocoa beans, but not its chocolate.