In 1878, Tetteh Quarshie, a Ghanaian blacksmith, brought cocoa beans to Ghana from the Fernando Po Islands (now called Isla de Bioko). It is believed that he smuggled the beans to Ghana by swallowing them. In 1879, he successfully planted the first cocoa trees on a farm in Mampong-Akwapem.
Who brought cocoa to Africa?
The credit of having first brought the cacao tree from the New World to the African tropics undoubtedly goes to the Portuguese. They are reputed to have planted cacao on the island of San Thome” (off French Gabon) as far back as 1822.
What was the work of Tetteh Quarshie?
Tetteh Quarshie (1842 – 25 December 1892) was a pre-independence Ghanaian agriculturalist and the person directly responsible for the introduction of cocoa crops to Ghana, which today constitute one of the major export crops of the Ghanaian economy.
Where did Tetteh Quarshie come from?
When was cocoa introduced on the Gold Coast?
After the first exports of cocoa in 1891, the Gold Coast became only two decades later, in 1911, the largest cocoa exporter worldwide. In spite of several setbacks, cocoa has remained until today at the heart of the Ghanaian economy and self-image.
Why is cocoa grown in Africa?
Cocoa needs a high temperature, plenty of water, and air that is always moist. Therefore, cocoa is grown in the hot and humid regions of Africa (mainly in forest regions), Central and South America, Asia and Oceania.
Why is cocoa important to Ghana?
“Cocoa is a major source of foreign exchange for Ghana and foreign exchange is good for the country. Also, cocoa money is used for hospitals and roads for the benefit of the country. Cocoa is the backbone of the Ghanaian economy.” (Male FGD participants, Western Region).
Where was the first cocoa farm in Ghana?
This was the first cocoa farm in This was the first cocoa farm in Ghana and the birthplace of Ghana’s burgeoning cocoa industry. The original seedlings were brought from Fernando Po Island just off the coast of Equatorial Guinea by Tetteh Quarshie himself in 1879. Three original trees remain.
Does Ghana produce chocolate?
In 2019/2020, Ghana is estimated to have produced about 800 thousand tons of cocoa beans, a decrease from approximately 812 thousand tons in 2018/2019. Although cocoa beans originate from South America, the majority of cocoa bean production is attributed to Africa.
What is the name of Tetteh Quarshie’s father?
His father was a farmer known as Mlekuboi, from Teshie. His mother, Ashong-Fio, hailed from Labadi. Tetteh Quarshie, who gained prominence for being an agriculturalist, was in fact the first blacksmith to be established at Akwapim-Mampong.
Where was cocoa originated?
It was first domesticated 5,300 years ago, in equatorial South America, before being domesticated in Central America by the Olmecs (Mexico). More than 4,000 years ago, it was consumed by pre-Hispanic cultures along the Yucatán, including the Maya, and as far back as Olmeca civilization in spiritual ceremonies.
When did chocolate go to Africa?
By 1819, Christian missionaries brought cocoa beans to West Africa to grow there, because West Africa had the same rainy, hot climate as Central America, and there weren’t any wars there.
Which equipment is used to split cocoa beans?
the way cocoa pods are split manually using machetes, cutlasses and knives.