How has the discovery of oil affected the environment of Nigeria?

Environmental pollution arising from oil prospecting and exploration in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria has impacted negatively on the biodiversity of the affected areas. The main stresses arise from leakages of crude oil, gas flaring and the escape of other chemicals used in production processes.

How does oil exploration affect the environment?

Exploring and drilling for oil may disturb land and marine ecosystems. Seismic techniques used to explore for oil under the ocean floor may harm fish and marine mammals. Drilling an oil well on land often requires clearing an area of vegetation.

What impact did the discovery of oil have on society?

Although the discovery of oil creates a sense of hope and expectation that the revenue would lead to the development of local communities and countries as a whole, in most cases, this dream has remained illusory as the exploration of the oil resources has led to the destruction of local communities and anarchy in oil- …

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How has this impacted the environment of Nigeria?

Nigeria’s climate has been changing, evident in: increases in temperature; variable rainfall; rise in sea level and flooding; drought and desertification; land degradation; more frequent extreme weather events; affected fresh water resources and loss of biodiversity.

How does oil cause pollution?

For example, when oil is burned for electricity, sulfur dioxide, mercury compounds, and nitrogen oxides are produced. On average, 12 pounds of sulfur dioxide, and four pounds of nitrogen oxides are emitted per megawatt hour of electricity generated from burning oil.

What happens when oil is removed from Earth?

When oil and gas is extracted, the voids fill with water, which is a less effective insulator. This means more heat from the Earth’s interior can be conducted to the surface, causing the land and the ocean to warm.

How does oil impact the economy?

Oil price increases are generally thought to increase inflation and reduce economic growth. In terms of inflation, oil prices directly affect the prices of goods made with petroleum products. … In economics terminology, high oil prices can shift up the supply curve for the goods and services for which oil is an input.

What is the historical significance of Spindletop?

The Spindletop discovery led the United States into the oil age. Prior to Spindletop, oil was primarily used for lighting and as a lubricant. Because of the quantity of oil discovered, burning petroleum as a fuel for mass consumption suddenly became economically feasible.

How did oil come to run our world?

The 19th century was a period of great change and rapid industrialization. The iron and steel industry spawned new construction materials, the railroads connected the country and the discovery of oil provided a new source of fuel. The discovery of the Spindletop geyser in 1901 drove huge growth in the oil industry.

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What are the 5 major environmental problems?

What Are the Top 5 Environmental Concerns for 2019?

  • Biodiversity. Biodiversity is the most complex and vital feature of our planet. …
  • Water. Water pollution is a huge concern for us and our environment. …
  • Deforestation. We need plants and trees to survive. …
  • Pollution. …
  • Climate Change.

What are the evidence of climate change in Nigeria?

Climate change in Nigeria is evident from temperature increase, rainfall variability (increasing rainfall in coastal areas and decline in rainfall in the continental areas), drought, desertification, rising sea levels, erosions, floods, thunderstorms, bush fires, landslides, radiation, and loss of biodiversity All of …

What are the major environmental problem in Nigeria?

Nigeria is faced with environmental problems such as air pollution, water pollution, lead exposures, poor waste management, deforestation, desertification, wind erosion, and flooding, which has harmed the population.

How does oil pollution affect humans?

Oil spills can also affect human health. … People who clean up the spill are more at risk. Problems could include skin and eye irritation, neurologic and breathing problems, and stress. Not much is known about the long-term effects of oil spills.

Does oil cause air pollution?

The U.S. oil and gas industry pollutes the air with methane and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). … Leaks, flaring, and venting of this pollution occurs throughout the production, transmission and distribution chain because industry hasn’t been required to stop it by force of law.

What type of pollution does crude oil cause?

How clean are SA fuels? SA refineries often use low quality crude oil that has high levels of sulphur. When this is refined it produces higher levels of SO2 pollution. Accidental fires, explosions, and chemical and gas leaks are common at refineries.

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