The study points out that, the unstable nature of the policy is compounded by chronic challenges such as low levels of teacher professionalism, inappropriate use of classroom curricula, lack of adequate classroom facilities and inadequate trained teachers to teach in mother-tongue.
Why Ghana is struggling to get its language policy right in schools?
We found that Ghanaians opposed the bi-lingual programme because they felt the country lacked the teaching and learning resources to make it work. A very large proportion of teachers are not equipped to teach reading in a mother tongue language. This is true even if they are fluent in a language.
What is Ghana language policy?
In May 2002, Ghana promulgated a law, which mandates the use of English language (hereafter L2) as the medium of instruction from primary one (grade one) to replace the use of a Ghanaian language as the medium of instruction for the first three years of schooling, and English as the medium of instruction from primary …
What are the challenges in the implementation of language policies in the Philippines?
Meanwhile, the challenges which hinder the implementation of MTB-MLE are grouped into four significant themes: multilingual environment, difficulty in translation, inadequacy of instructional materials, and mandatory compliance to the Department of Education (DepEd) order.
What is the linguistic situation in Ghana?
There is a high degree of linguistic heterogeneity in Ghana. This has led to the development of various forms of diglossia with languages serving different functions in different communicative contexts. Three languages – English, Akan and Hausa – have emerged as the most important lingua francas.
What is the importance of language policy?
It is critically important to develop language policies that ensure the access of minority populations to prestigious forms of national standard languages and literacies while supporting the intergenerational retention of minority languages, both indigenous and immigrant languages.
What is a language in education policy?
Language Policy in Education presentation. SUMMARY. The Department of Education’s Language in Education Policy since 1998 is based on the principle of the right of children to be educated in their mother tongue whilst having access to a global language such as English.
What are the three types of language policy?
1) Those responding to specific issues, and enterprise-wide policies. 2) Enterprise-wide. 3) As part of the other policies/strategies of the enterprise.
What is language policy example?
For example, at the dinner table, a parent might clear their throat when a child uses forbidden language with the intention of reprimanding and/or warning the child. While the clearing of the throat expresses, or instantiates, the policy, the act and the policy are still separate things.
What is language policy and language planning?
The field of language planning and policy (LPP) is concerned with the policies both explicit and implicit that influence what languages are spoken when, how, and by whom, as well as the values and rights associated with those languages.
What is the difference between mother tongue and first language?
There is no significant difference between mother tongue and first language since both refer to a person’s native language. … Mother tongue or first language is the language a person has been exposed to from the birth. It is usually the language one first learns. It is also the language a person is most fluent in.
What are the challenges in using mother tongue in multilingual classes?
Some problems encountered by the teachers in implementing mother tongue – based instruction include absence of books written in mother tongue, lack of vocabulary, and lack of teacher-training. Nevertheless, the study indicated that major attention and effort are still necessary to be given to the approach.
What is meant by language policy?
This refers to what a government does either officially through legislation, court decisions or policy to determine how languages are used, cultivate language skills needed to meet national priorities or to establish the rights of individuals or groups to use and maintain languages.
How do u say hello in Ghana?
- English: Hello.
- Twi: Maakyé (Good morning)
What is the most common religion in Ghana?
Christianity is the largest religion in Ghana, with approximately 71.2% of Ghana’s population being member of various Christian denominations as of 2010 census.