The 1992 constitution, as the supreme law of the land, provides for the sharing of powers among a president, a parliament, a cabinet, a Council of State, and an independent judiciary. Through its system of checks and balances, it avoids bestowing preponderant power on any specific branch of government.
What were the key features of the Constitution?
First it creates a national government consisting of a legislative, an executive, and a judicial branch, with a system of checks and balances among the three branches. Second, it divides power between the federal government and the states. And third, it protects various individual liberties of American citizens.
Why is the 1992 Constitution an important source of law in Ghana?
Ghana, being a common law jurisdiction, case law and judicial precedent play an important role in the law and its development. Article 125(3) of the 1992 Constitution states that the judicial power of Ghana shall be vested in the Judiciary. Article 127 of the Constitution mandates the independence of the judiciary.
Who is a Ghanaian according to the Constitution?
Citizenship and Nationality
(2) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, a person born in or outside Ghana after the coming into force of this Constitution, shall become a citizen of Ghana at the date of his birth if either of his parents or grandparents is or was a citizen of Ghana.
What type of constitution does Ghana practice?
The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The constitution that established the Fourth Republic provided a basic charter for republican democratic government. It declares Ghana to be a unitary republic with sovereignty residing in the Ghanaian people.
What are the 5 features of Constitution?
Below are the characteristics of a good constitution:
- Responsibility and accountability:
- Separation of powers of the government:
- Representation of the people in government:
- Protects the fundamental human rights of citizens:
- Independence of the judiciary:
- It guarantees Equity, Freedom and Justice:
What are the 5 main points of the Constitution?
While different lists of such main points may include different things, the following five things are very important.
- Popular government. The Constitution guarantees us the right to elect the people who make up our government. …
- Separation of powers. …
- Checks and balances. …
- Federalism. …
- Limited government.
What are the 4 main sources of law?
The four primary sources are constitutions, statutes, cases, and regulations. These laws and rules are issued by official bodies from the three branches of government.
What are the 7 steps in the law making process?
How a Bill Becomes a Law
- STEP 1: The Creation of a Bill. Members of the House or Senate draft, sponsor and introduce bills for consideration by Congress. …
- STEP 2: Committee Action. …
- STEP 3: Floor Action. …
- STEP 4: Vote. …
- STEP 5: Conference Committees. …
- STEP 6: Presidential Action. …
- STEP 7: The Creation of a Law.
What are 5 sources of law?
The primary sources of law in the United States are the United States Constitution, state constitutions, federal and state statutes, common law, case law, and administrative law.
Who is a citizen according to the 1992 constitution of Ghana?
Every person who, on the coming into force of this Constitution, is a citizen of Ghana by-law shall continue to be a citizen of Ghana.
What is importance of Constitution?
Why is a constitution important? A constitution is important because it ensures that those who make decisions on behalf of the public fairly represent public opinion. It also sets out the ways in which those who exercise power may be held accountable to the people they serve.
Who is a child according to the 1992 constitution of Ghana?
In Ghana, the Children’s Act of 1998 and the 1992 Republican Constitution ( section 29 ) in like manner also define a child as a human being below the age of eighteen ( 18 ) making it in compliance with the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child .