Malaria in Kenya. Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Kenya. It accounts for about 30%–50% of all outpatient visits and 20% of hospital admissions. Pregnant women and children are particularly vulnerable; malaria is estimated to account for about 20% of deaths among children under 5.
What are the impacts of malaria?
The World Health Organization (WHO) reports malaria is responsible for one in five deaths of African children under age 5 every year. Malaria takes its toll not only in lives lost, but also in medical costs, lost income, and reduced economic output.
How does malaria affect Kenya?
According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, malaria is still the second biggest cause of reported deaths after respiratory infections, with nearly 70 percent of the country’s 46 million people at risk from the disease.
What impact does malaria have on society?
The impact of malaria is not only felt in terms of the human suffering and death it causes, but also by the significant economic cost and burden – to both families/ households and national economies. Malaria slows economic growth and development and perpetuates the vicious cycle of poverty.
What are the environmental impacts of malaria?
Such impacts are associated with, for example, deforestation that can create ideal breeding grounds for mosquitoes; migration of naive populations to malaria-endemic areas, or migration of infected people to areas where the malaria vector is present and transmission, albeit absent or very low, is suitable; a large …
Why malaria is a problem?
Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. If not promptly treated, the infection can become severe and may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Who is most affected by malaria?
Children aged under 5 years are the most vulnerable group affected by malaria; in 2019, they accounted for 67% (274 000) of all malaria deaths worldwide. The WHO African Region carries a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden.
What is the mortality rate of malaria in Kenya?
PIP: More than four million cases of malaria are reported annually in Kenya. A 5.1% mortality rate has been reported among patients admitted with severe malaria. Although Plasmodium falciparum is the species most frequently associated with severe malaria and accounts for 80-90% of cases in Kenya, P.
WHO reports malaria 2020?
India has sustained Annual Parasitic Incidence (API) of less than one since 2012. The World Malaria Report (WMR) 2020 released by WHO, which gives the estimated cases for malaria across the world, based on mathematical projections, indicates that India has made considerable progress in reducing its malaria burden.
Can someone get malaria in Nairobi?
In the capital city of Nairobi, fewer than 1% of people harbour the parasite that causes malaria. The presence of the parasite is also low in the country’s arid regions, where it can peak at around 3% following heavy rains.
How did malaria affect the economy?
What is the Economic Impact of Malaria? The economic impact of malaria is estimated to cost Africa $12 billion every year. This figure factors in costs of health care, absenteeism, days lost in education, decreased productivity due to brain damage from cerebral malaria, and loss of investment and tourism.
What are the social and economic impacts of malaria?
We know that poverty can promote malaria transmission, and that malaria causes poverty by blocking economic growth. Research shows that malaria can strain national economics, having a deleterious impact on some nations’ GDP by as much as an estimated 5 – 6%.
Why a person with malaria Cannot be treated with antibiotics?
They found that the presence of antibiotics in the blood of malaria-infected people is a risk of increasing disease transmission. The antibiotics in the ingested blood enhance the susceptibility of Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes to malaria infection by disturbing their gut microbiota.
What are the host risk factors of malaria?
Age is a key risk factor for severe malaria: children in malaria endemic areas develop immunity to severe malaria more rapidly than immunity that reduces parasite burden25. Separately, host genetic factors like hemoglobin AS and AC reduce the risk of severe malaria.
Why malaria is not easily diagnosed?
Clinicians seeing a malaria patient may forget to consider malaria among the potential diagnoses and not order the needed diagnostic tests. Laboratorians may lack experience with malaria and fail to detect parasites when examining blood smears under the microscope.