What is the major drainage in Ethiopia?
Ethiopia has three principal drainage systems. The first and largest is the western drainage system, which includes the watersheds of the Blue Nile (known as the Abay in Ethiopia), the Tekeze, and the Baro rivers. … The third system is that of the Shebele and Genale rivers.
How many rivers are there in Ethiopia?
Water resources. Ethiopia has nine major rivers and twelve big lakes.
What are the seven Ethiopian drainage basins?
From the Ethiopian point of view, the Awash, Denakil, Omo Gibe and Rift valley basins constitute 28 % of the country’s area. Shebele and Genale Dawa cover 33 %, while the northeast coast (Ogaden and Aysha basin) accounts for 6 % of the country’s area. The annual runoff from these basins is about 122,000 MCM.
What is the soil like in Ethiopia?
The soils are clay loam to clayey in texture with bulk density values ranging from 1.12 to 1.32 g cm−3 and basic infiltration rate varying from slow to moderate (0.4 to 3.3 cm hr−1). They were moderately acidic to neutral in pH (5.5 to 7.1) and had very low to medium organic carbon (OC) (0.27 to 2.98%).
What are the three main physiographic structure of Ethiopia?
physiography of Ethiopia
These are the Western Highlands, the Western Lowlands, the Eastern Highlands, the Eastern Lowlands, and the Rift Valley. The Western Highlands are the most extensive and rugged topographic component of Ethiopia.
Does Ethiopia have a lot of rivers?
Ethiopia has twelve lakes and nine major rivers with several tributaries. Despite the large water bodies in Ethiopia, there is hardly any perennial flow in areas below 1,500 meters.
Who is the longest river in the world?
- Nile: 4,132 miles.
- Amazon: 4,000 miles.
- Yangtze: 3,915 miles.
Where is the origin of Tekeze river?
What mountain range is in Ethiopia?
Ethiopian Mountains, several mountain groups on the central and western plateaus of Ethiopia, in northeastern Africa, probably of early volcanic origin. The most notable of these is the Simien Mountains, the highest point of which is Ras Dejen (or Dashen), 14,872 feet (4,533 metres) high.