What infectious diseases are endemic to Kenya?

The displaced populations in Kenya are at risk from outbreaks of waterborne and foodborne diseases due to the reduced access to usual water and sanitation systems. Cholera, typhoid, hepatitis A and E, Entamoeba hystolytica and Shigella dysenteriae type 1(Sd1) have all been reported previously in the affected areas.

What diseases are found in Kenya?

The leading cause of mortality in Kenya in the year 2016 included diarrhoea diseases 18.5%, HIV/AIDs 15.56%, lower respiratory infections 8.62%, tuberculosis 3.69%, ischemic heart disease 3.99%, road injuries 1.47%, interpersonal violence 1.36%.

What is the number 1 cause of death in Kenya?

Main causes of deaths in Kenya 2019

HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections were the most frequent cause of casualties in Kenya as of 2019, with a rate of almost 104 deaths per 100,000.

What are notifiable diseases in Kenya?

Any suspected case of Cholera, Meningococcal Meningitis, Yellow fever, Measles, Viral haemorrhagic fever, AFP/polio, Guinea worm disease, Neonatal tetanus, Plague and any other outbreak.

Are people in Kenya healthy?

In Kenya, where over 43% of the population lives in poverty, health challenges include high maternal and child mortality and a high burden of infectious diseases such as HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria.

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What is the largest ethnic group in Kenya?

Kikuyu was the largest ethnic group in Kenya, accounting for 17 percent of the country’s population in 2019. Native to Central Kenya, the Kikuyu constitute a Bantu group with more than eight million people.

What is the mortality rate in Kenya?

Kenya adult mortality rate was at level of 42.15 deaths per 100 population in 2020, up from 41.91 deaths per 100 population in 2015, this is a change of 0.58%.

Is there malaria in Kenya?

In Kenya, there are an estimated 3.5 million new clinical cases and 10,700 deaths each year, and those living in western Kenya have an especially high risk of malaria. As it does in many countries around the world, CDC has worked closely with the Kenya Ministry of Health to fight malaria.

What are the 5 steps of surveillance?

Steps in carrying out surveillance

  • Reporting. Someone has to record the data. …
  • Data accumulation. Someone has to be responsible for collecting the data from all the reporters and putting it all together. …
  • Data analysis. …
  • Judgment and action.

What are the 11 notifiable diseases?

​Schools and child care centres

  • Diphtheria.
  • Mumps.
  • Poliomyelitis.
  • Haemophilus influenzae Type b (Hib)
  • Meningococcal disease.
  • Rubella (“German measles”)
  • Measles.
  • Pertussis (“whooping cough”)

What are examples of notifiable diseases?

Nationally Notifiable Diseases

  • Cholera.
  • Cryptosporidiosis.
  • Cyclosporiasis.
  • Giardiasis.
  • Hepatitis A.
  • Legionellosis.
  • Malaria*
  • Salmonellosis.
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