What is a civil marriage in Zimbabwe?

This kind of marriage is monogamous meaning it is between one husband and one wife. A wife or husband cannot contract any other marriage after having entered into this kind of marriage if they do so they would have committed an offence called bigamy and an aggrieved party can sue for adultery damages.

Is civil marriage the same as community of property?

What is a civil marriage? It is a marriage that can only be entered into between a man and a woman. A civil marriage will automatically be in community of property, unless an ante nuptial contract is entered into indicating that the marriage will be out of community of property, with or without the accrual system.

What is the difference between customary and civil marriage?

What is a Customary Marriage? … There exist certain requirements that must be complied with in order to conclude a valid customary marriage; while a civil marriage is seen as a marriage concluded between 2 parties, and must be monogamous in order to be valid, customary marriages differ as polygamy is permissible.

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Are Zimbabwean marriages in community of property?

They are usually classified as either being in community of property or out of community of property. When a civil marriage is: … In Zimbabwe, on the other hand, marriages are out of community of property unless the spouses sign an anti- nuptial contract merging their estates.

Can a man marry two wives legally in Zimbabwe?

Polygamy is the practice of having more than one spouse; while prohibited under Zimbabwean civil law, polygamous marriages may be performed under the country’s customary law. Less than one-fifth of the country’s population are engaged in polygamy.

Does civil marriage supersede customary marriage?

The civil marriage replaces the customary law marriage and on the basis that there is an entirely new marriage and not merely a change in proprietary system, parties should not be required to make an application to court.

What is the benefit of civil marriage?

The legal benefits of a civil marriage include protecting one another with: Support – being married obligates you to a duty of support to one another depending on each party’s needs. Maintenance – spousal maintenance can be claimed when a spouse dies from the deceased estate.

Can a man marry two wives in civil marriage?

How many wives can a man have in civil law? A man can only have one wife in civil law. This is called a monogamous marriage. He can only marry a second wife if the first wife dies or if the marriage is ended by divorce.

How do civil marriages work?

A civil ceremony is basically a one-stop shop. It’s legally binding, which means you won’t have to have two ceremonies. A religious ceremony is not legally binding, so either before or after your religious ceremony, you’ll need to pay a visit to city hall to obtain your marriage license to make it legal.

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What qualifies as a customary marriage?

Requirements for a valid customary marriage

The prospective spouses must both be above the age of 18 years; They must both consent to be married to each other under customary law; and. The marriage must be negotiated and entered into or celebrated in accordance with customary law.

What are the 5 grounds for divorce?

Following are the 9 common legal grounds for divorce which are widely present in all current enactments on divorce law:

  • Adultery.
  • Desertion.
  • Insanity.
  • Conversion.
  • Renunciation.
  • Cruelty.
  • Venereal disease.
  • Presumption of death.

Does lobola qualify as marriage?

Firstly, the Act defines lobolo as “property in cash or in-kind which a prospective husband or the head of his family undertakes to give to the head of the prospective wife’s family in consideration of a customary marriage.” There is no doubt that lobolo is one of the essential requirements in terms of section 3(1)(b) …

What are the kinds of marriage?

According to Psychology Today, there are 7 types of marriage possibilities:

  • Starter marriage.
  • Companionship marriage.
  • Parenting marriage.
  • Safety marriage.
  • Living alone together marriage.
  • Open marriage.
  • Covenant marriage.

Is it lawful to marry two wives?

The legal status of polygamy varies widely around the world. Polygyny is legal in 58 out of nearly 200 sovereign states, the vast majority of them being Muslim-majority countries in Africa and Asia. … In countries that ban polygamy, the offence is commonly called bigamy, though the penalty varies between jurisdictions.

How do I get married in court Zimbabwe?


  1. Original marriage certificate.
  2. Birth certificate and a copy thereof.
  3. Notarial deed where a person has made a complete change of names.
  4. National identity document where the ID number needs to be corrected.
  5. Marriage register where the date needs to be corrected.
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