What is the geography of Ethiopia?

Ethiopia is a country rich in geographical diversity. It consists of rugged mountains, flat-topped plateaus, deep gorges and river valleys. It is erosion, volcanic eruptions and tectonic movements over the ages that have contributed to the nations diverse topography.

What is geography of Ethiopia and the Horn?

Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. … The plateau gradually slopes to the lowlands of the Sudan on the west and the Somali-inhabited plains to the east.

What is Ethiopia climate?

As a result of its position and its varied topography, Ethiopia’s climate varies – broadly speaking – from tropical in the north-eastern lowlands and south-eastern lowlands to temperate and cool in the highlands.

Which geographical factor is more important to the climate of Ethiopia?

Importantly, Ethiopia’s climate varies with elevation (Fig. 3). Elevation is the most important determinant of the average annual temperature of the country with a reduction of 0.5–0.7 °C per 100 m increase in altitude (Liljequist, 1986).

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Where is Ethiopia located?

How old is Ethiopian?

Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and one of the world’s oldest – it exists for at least 2,000 years. The country comprises more than 80 ethnic groups and as many languages. Primarily their shared independent existence unites Ethiopia’s many nations.

What is Ethiopia known for?

Ethiopia is famous for being the place where the coffee bean originated. It is also known for its gold medalists and its rock-hewn churches. Ethiopia is the top honey and coffee producer in Africa and has the largest livestock population in Africa. … The Rastafarian religion claims Ethiopia as its spiritual homeland.

Is Ethiopia hot or cold?

Eastern Ethiopia is typically warm and dry, while the Northern Highlands are cool and wet in season. If you’re planning on visiting the Omo River Region, be prepared for very hot temperatures.

Does Ethiopia get snow?

No peak in Ethiopia is permanently snow covered. The largest area of continuous plateau is the central part of the country, north and northeast of Addis Ababa and south of the Blue Nile River.

Does it get cold in Ethiopia?

Nights are cool, even cold from November to February, when lows drop below 10 °C (50 °F), while days are pleasantly warm, around 23/25 °C (73/77 °F), except in July and August, at the height of the rainy season, when highs drop to about 20 °C (68 °F). … Here are the average sunshine hours per day.

What is the coldest month in Ethiopia?

August is the coldest month in Addis Ababa, with an average high-temperature of 19.2°C (66.6°F) and an average low-temperature of 10.8°C (51.4°F).

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What are the Four Seasons in Ethiopia?

Ethiopian Seasons

  • Kiremt or Meher (Summer) – June, July and August are the summer season. …
  • Belg (Autumn) – September, October and November are the spring season sometime known as the harvest season.
  • Bega (Winter) – December, January and February are the dry season with frost in morning specially in January.

Is Ethiopia rich in natural resources?

Ethiopia Natural Resources

Ethiopia has abundant natural resources, such as land, minerals, and gas. Gold, copper, potash, platinum, and natural gas lie beneath the surface of the earth in this part of the world, and in 2012, mining reportedly contributed US $500 million to the country’s economy.

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