In February 1977, the EPRP initiated terrorist attacks–known as the White Terror– against Derg members and their supporters. … Mengistu and the Derg eventually won this latest struggle for control of the Ethiopian revolution, at a cost to the EPRP of thousands of its members and supporters imprisoned, dead, or missing.
What caused the Ethiopian Red Terror?
Share: Ethiopian Red Terror which was a campaign of oppression and mass killings in Ethiopia, began in 1976, when communist Mengistu Haile Mariam took control of the military dictatorship after ousting Emperor Halie Selassie, and lasted until 1978.
What the Red Terror is and how it happened?
The Red Terror (Russian: красный террор, krasnyy terror) in Soviet Russia was a campaign of political repression and executions carried out by the Bolsheviks—chiefly through the Cheka, the Bolshevik secret police—started in late summer 1918 after the beginning of the Russian Civil War and lasted until 1922.
How many died in Ethiopian Red Terror?
Between 1976 and 1978, a Marxist government in Ethiopia killed as many as 500,000 of the country’s citizens in a bloodbath called the Red Terror. The terror grew out of a relatively peaceful movement to end the reign of Emperor Haile Selassie.
How long did the Ethiopian Red Terror last?
The following six months, from October 1977 to April 1978, marked the climax of the Terror in revolutionary Ethiopia (Figure 3).
Where is the war in Ethiopia?
What is a Derg?
The Derg (also spelled Dergue; from Amharic: ደርግ, “committee” or “council”; Oromo: Dergii), officially the Provisional Military Administrative Council (PMAC), was the military junta that ruled Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987, when the military leadership formally ‘civilianized’ the administration but stayed in power until …
How many did the Cheka kill?
Several scholars put the number of executions at about 250,000. Some believe it is possible more people were murdered by the Cheka than died in battle. Historian James Ryan gives a modest estimate of 28,000 executions per year from December 1917 to February 1922. Lenin himself seemed unfazed by the killings.
What did the Bolsheviks want?
Bolshevism (from Bolshevik) is a revolutionary Marxist current of political thought and political regime associated with the formation of a rigidly centralized, cohesive and disciplined party of social revolution, focused on overthrowing the existing capitalist state system, seizing power and establishing the ” …
What was the Red Terror What was its purpose quizlet?
What was its purpose? The Red Terror was a campaign of mass killings, torture, and oppression on all who opposed the Bolsheviks that took place from 1918 to 1922. The purpose to suppress any objection to the Communist rule.