In 1638, the Dutch built a square wooden fort with bastions and cannons at each corner to protect the harbor, the fort was named Fort Frederik Hendrik. After the reign of Simons Gooyer, Governor Van Der Stel landed in the island, and brought with him various seeds and fruits including sugar cane saplings.
What were the main buildings constructed by the French in Mauritius?
Mahé de La Bourdonnais established Port Louis as a naval base and a shipbuilding centre. Under his governorship, numerous buildings were built, a number of which are still standing today, these include part of Government House, the Château de Mon Plaisir at SSR Botanical Garden, and the Line Barracks.
What did Mahe de labourdonnais do in Mauritius?
Some of the things that Mahe de Labourdonnais developed included warehouses, a dry dock for shipbuilding, an armoury and powder magazine, barracks and a fort, an aqueduct, which brought a good water supply over miles from Grande Rivière Nord Ouest, and a hospital.
How were slaves treated in Mauritius?
A slave could be forced to work even without getting a compensation. Life was very tough and painful for them. The punishments they had to endure were seriously too strict and cruel. The slaves did a lot of sacrifices for our country and they are always known in the history of our project.
Why did the Dutch abandon Mauritius?
Unfortunately the crops and fort were not long lasting and they were badly damaged by a cyclone in 1644. Discouraged by the bad conditions in Mauritius of droughts, storms, rats and monkeys which prevented agricultural progress, the Dutch decided to abandon the island.
Why did the Dutch come to America?
Many of the Dutch immigrated to America to escape religious persecution. They were known for trading, particularly fur, which they obtained from the Native Americans in exchange for weapons.
How did the Dutch treat the natives?
Regarding the Indians, the Dutch generally followed a policy of live and let live: they did not force assimilation or religious conversion on the Indians. Both in Europe and in North America, the Dutch had little interest in forcing conformity on religious, political, and racial minorities.
Who was Mauritius colonized by?
The known history of Mauritius begins with its discovery by Arabs and Malays, followed by Europeans and its appearance on maps in the early 16th century. Mauritius was successively colonized by the Netherlands, France and Great Britain, and became independent in 1968.
Who named Mauritius?
It was claimed as a Dutch possession and given the name Mauritius, after the Dutch Stadholder Maurits van Nassau. Over the next 40 years, Mauritius was used as a refreshing station for Dutch East Indiamen on their journeys between Europe and East Asia.
What religion is in Mauritius?
Religion Hinduism is the primary religion in Mauritius with around 52% identifying as Hindu. Christians make up about 28% of the population (26% Catholic, 2% Protestant). 16.6% of residents are Muslim.