Cocoa production occurs in the country’s forested areas: Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central Region, Eastern Region, Western Region, and Volta, where rainfall is 1,000-1,500 millimeters per year. The crop year begins in October, when purchases of the main crop begin, with a smaller mid-crop cycle beginning in July.
Where was cocoa first grown in Ghana?
Cocoa cultivation began in Ghana, according to the legend, fostered by a blacksmith called Tetteh Quarshie, who, in 1895, returned to his farm in the Eastern Region of Ghana with cocoa beans “in his pocket” from the island of Fernando Po (now Bioko) in Equatorial Guinea where there was already intensive plantation …
Why is Ghana a good place to grow cocoa?
This is because it can only take place in Ghana’s forest agro-ecological zone. In this zone, the rainfall is ideal for cocoa at 1500-2000mm, with a dry season of about four months. Also, cocoa trees thrive under shade.
How is cocoa grown in Ghana?
Harvest time in Ghana begins in September and lasts through March. No heavy machinery is used. Farmers crack open cocoa pods and get the beans ready for harvest by hand. Obini produces nearly 16 bags of cocoa beans in a year, earning him around 1,100 dollars total, or the equivalent of three dollars a day.
How much money does Ghana make from cocoa?
Cocoa farmers in Ghana make $1/day, while those in Côte d’Ivoire make around $0.78/day—both significantly below the extreme poverty line. Farmers are often unable to bear the costs of cocoa farming as a result of low incomes.
What percentage of cocoa does Ghana produce?
The Ivory Coast and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa, accounting for more than 50 percent of the world´s cocoa. In 2016, the Ivory Coast alone produced approximately 1.6 million metric tons of cocoa beans.
How much of Ghana’s economy is cocoa?
Ghana accounts for up to 25 percent of global cocoa supply and the industry also contributes around 7 percent of GDP as well as up to one quarter of the country’s export earnings.
Does Ghana export cocoa?
Cocoa is Ghana’s most important agricultural export, making up 23% of total export earnings. Ghana is the 2nd largest cocoa exporter in the world. Other main exporters of Cocoa include Côte D’Ivoire, Nigeria and Cameroon.
Is Ghana famous for chocolate?
Ghana is the second-largest supplier of cocoa to the global market—cocoa beans from Ghana make up about 25 percent of the global supply. The country is widely known for its cocoa beans, but not its chocolate.
Where in Ghana is the maximum concentration of cocoa plantations found?
Cocoa production occurs in the country’s forested areas: Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central Region, Eastern Region, Western Region, and Volta, where rainfall is 1,000-1,500 millimeters per year.
Does Ghana process cocoa?
Ghana has traditionally exported almost its entire crop of cocoa beans for processing to foreign chocolate production plants. Cocoa makes up 30% of Ghana’s total exports. … In January 2009, the new government formulated a policy to process at least 60% of cocoa that is grown locally.
How much cocoa does Ghana produce a year?
Production of cocoa beans in Ghana 2012/2013-2020/2021
In 2019/2020, Ghana is estimated to have produced about 800 thousand tons of cocoa beans, a decrease from approximately 812 thousand tons in 2018/2019.