The Sahel stretches from the Atlantic Ocean eastward through northern Senegal, southern Mauritania, the great bend of the Niger River in Mali, Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta), southern Niger, northeastern Nigeria, south-central Chad, and into Sudan.
Is Sahel a savanna?
The Sahel or Sahel Belt (from Arabic ساحل, sāḥil, shore, border or coast of the Sahara) is a semi-arid tropical savanna ecoregion in Africa, which forms the transitional zone between the Sahara Desert to the north and the more humid savanna belt to the south known as the Sudan (not to be confused with the country of …
What is the meaning of Sahel Savannah?
The Sahel is the zone between the Sahara desert and the savanna lands to the. south. It is characterized by the strong seasonality of the climate with a short. rainy season and a long intensely dry season.
Is Sahel a poor country?
With up to 80% of its people living on less than $2 a day, poverty is more widespread in the Sahel than in most other parts of Africa. The Sahel’s population growth rate also is among the world’s highest.
What countries make up the Sahel region?
This article focuses on the 10 countries that make up the Sahel region—Burkina Faso, Chad, Eritrea, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Sudan (see map).
Who lives in the Sahel?
Both desert and grazing land, the Sahel has attracted a population as varied as its environment. Some are semi-nomadic cattle herders, moving with the seasonal flooding of the Niger. Others are farmers, eking out a living from millet and sorghum.
Is called the Sahel?
Historically, the western part of the Sahel was sometimes known as the Sudan region (bilād as-sūdān بلاد السودان “lands of the Sudan”). This belt was roughly located between the Sahara and the coastal areas of West Africa.
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What does Sahel mean in Arabic?
The Arabic word sāḥil literally means “shore, coast” as describing the appearance of the vegetation of the Sahel as a coastline which delimits the sand of the Sahara.
Why is the Sahel important?
The Sahel is endowed with great potential for renewable energy and sits atop some of the largest aquifers on the continent. Potentially one of the richest regions in the world with abundant human, cultural and natural resources.
Why is the Sahel Savannah important?
The West African Sahel (WAS) region is an extensive water limited environment that features a delicate balance of herbaceous and woody vegetation sub systems. These play an important role in the cycling of carbon while also supporting the dominant agro-pastoral human activities in the region.
Why is the Sahel so poor?
The Sahel region receives limited annual rainfall and experiences frequent droughts. This poses enormous obstacles to poverty reduction and food security. Severe droughts that have occurred between 1970 and 1993 have caused major losses in agricultural production and livestock, according to UNEP.
Why is the Sahel at risk of desertification?
The Sahel is a narrow belt of land which lies immediately to the south of the Sahara Desert and which extends across most of Africa. The main causes of desertification include: … Overgrazing – an increasing population results in larger desert areas being farmed. Sheep, cattle and goats are overgrazing the vegetation.
What problems does the Sahel face?
“Over the last half century,” UNEP notes, “the combined effects of population growth, land degradation (deforestation, continuous cropping and overgrazing), reduced and erratic rainfall, lack of coherent environmental policies and misplaced development priorities, have contributed to transform a large proportion of the …