The Mau Mau (origin of the name is uncertain) advocated violent resistance to British domination in Kenya; the movement was especially associated with the ritual oaths employed by leaders of the Kikuyu Central Association to promote unity in the independence movement.
Who were Mau Mau of Kenya What was their goal?
Who were the Mau Mau in Kenya? What was their goal? The Mau Mau was a secret society (mostly made of Kenyan Farmers) that was forced out of highlands by the British. The goal of the Mau Mau was to eliminate the white farmers into leaving the highlands.
Why Mau Mau was formed?
Mau Mau rebellion
The violent, grass-roots resistance movement launched by the Kikuyu and related ethnic groups against the British colonial government in Kenya in the 1950s. It had its origins in the sense of deprivation felt by the Kikuyu, who had lost much of their land to white settlers.
Why did the Mau Mau rebellion occur?
The Mau Mau rebellion in 1952 was undeniably caused by the growing tensions between the Kikuyu and the white European settlers in Kenya. … As a result to these poor living conditions, there was a huge increase in the number of Kikuyu migrating to the cities; leading to poverty, unemployment and overpopulation.
Does the Mau Mau still exist?
Nevertheless, partly because as many Kikuyu fought against Mau Mau on the side of the colonial government as joined them in rebellion, the conflict is now often regarded in academic circles as an intra-Kikuyu civil war, a characterisation that remains extremely unpopular in Kenya.
What was the legacy of the Mau Mau rebellion?
The brutality of the Mau Mau rebellions shocked Britain, who had to deal with a ‘colonial paradise’ entering a bloody period of rebellion. For the small white settler population in Kenya, the climate of fear was palpable as Kenya began a vicious path towards decolonisation.
What was the Mau Mau oath?
The Mau Mau were said to be united by a secret Kikuyu oath that involved drinking blood and even eating human flesh. When the rebels started killing Europeans too, the newly appointed governor, Sir Evelyn Baring, declared a state of emergency in the colony.
What led to the state of emergency in Kenya in 1952?
A State of Emergency was declared in October 1952 after the Mau Mau murdered a loyal Kikuyu chief. Despite this, it took some time for an effective response to be formulated. The Kenyan police were few in number and unused to operating in the tribal areas.