The reasons for Nigeria’s persistent brain drain are not hard to diagnose. A crippled economy, failing infrastructure, porous security, human rights violations, and high unemployment rates are just some of the many reasons young people are bailing out of the country to greener pastures.
What is the purpose of brain drain?
Brain drain is defined as the migration of health personnel in search of the better standard of living and quality of life, higher salaries, access to advanced technology and more stable political conditions in different places worldwide.
Which country suffer the most from brain drain?
In South America, the country with by far the largest brain drain is Guyana, from which more than 70 percent of individuals with a tertiary education have moved to the United States; for the rest of the region, the immigration rates for this educational group are much lower.
How can we stop brain drain in Nigeria?
Proposed Solutions to brain drain in Nigeria
- Creation of job opportunities with adequate remuneration: …
- Quality educational opportunities should be provided: …
- Provision of local incentives: …
- Provision of conducive environment for workers: …
- Funding of tertiary institutions: …
- Accountability in governance:
How can you prevent brain drain?
5 Steps to Preventing Brain Drain in Your Organization
- You Need a Culture That Supports Knowledge Transfer.
- Develop a culture of support. …
- Create a checklist. …
- Give learners time to transition. …
- Provide the right tools. …
- Test the process.
How brain drain affects a country?
A brain drain stimulates education, induces remittance flows, reduces international transaction costs, and generates benefits in source countries from both returnees and the diaspora abroad.
Is brain drain a real problem?
The brain drain problem refers to the situation where a country loses its best workers. … The brain drain means that developing countries can struggle to develop because their best-skilled labour leaves the economy. Thus it becomes hard to break the cycle of losing the best workers.
Is brain drain good or bad?
One study has suggested that the brain drain might have a negative effect if the highly educated emigration rate is above 20 per cent. … The emigration of highly skilled professionals is not necessarily bad news for developing countries. Some emigration is a healthy thing, but too much can become problematic.
What are positive effects of brain drain?
Positive effects of brain drain include : 1. Better employment opportunities for educated and skilled workers that may not be available in their own country. 2. The migrant’s country will prosper as more money foreign exchange will enter the country.
Is there a brain drain in Nigeria?
Brain drain from Nigeria is the exodus of middle-class and highly skilled Nigerians which has been occurring in waves since the late 1980s to early 1990s.
How does brain drain affect the Nigerian economy?
Our result revealed a relationship between poor leadership of the country and brain drain. … Some of them are: loss of human capital assets to man various institutions in the country, loss of tax of migrated manpower to foreign countries, loss of capital invested in education of migrated manpower assets etc.
What is brain drain PDF?
The term “brain drain” designates the international transfer of human resources and mainly applies to the migration of relatively highly educated individuals from developing to developed countries.