It was during the Napoleonic Wars that the British invaded Mauritius in 1810. The British’s main focus in captivating Mauritius was to protect their main sea route from England to British India from the French who threatened the British shipping and naval route.
When did people first come to Mauritius?
The island was not permanently inhabited for the first forty years after its “discovery” by the Dutch, but in 1638 Cornelius Gooyer established the first permanent Dutch settlement in Mauritius with a garrison of twenty-five.
When did the French come to Mauritius?
Abandoned by the Dutch, the island became a French colony when, in September 1715, Guillaume Dufresne D’Arsel landed and took possession of this precious port of call on the route to India. He named the island “Isle de France“, but it was only in 1721 that the French started their occupation.
Is Mauritius owned by France?
The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues, along with nearby Réunion (a French overseas department), are part of the Mascarene Islands. … France took control in 1715, renaming it Isle de France. In 1810, the island was seized by Great Britain, and four years later France ceded Mauritius and its dependencies to Britain.
How were slaves treated in Mauritius?
A slave could be forced to work even without getting a compensation. Life was very tough and painful for them. The punishments they had to endure were seriously too strict and cruel. The slaves did a lot of sacrifices for our country and they are always known in the history of our project.
Are Mauritians white?
Nowadays, a significant proportion of them are predominantly black with varying amounts of French and Indian ancestry. … There is also a considerable number of white foreign expatriates living in Mauritius, about 8000 from France and 2000 from South Africa.
Was there slavery in Mauritius?
Mauritius was the last place in the British colonies to abolish slavery, on 1 February 1835. … The abolition of slavery is commemorated at the International Slave Route Monument on the Le Morne Peninsula, where the President recently heralded runaway slaves as Mauritius’s first freedom fighters.
What religion is in Mauritius?
Religion Hinduism is the primary religion in Mauritius with around 52% identifying as Hindu. Christians make up about 28% of the population (26% Catholic, 2% Protestant). 16.6% of residents are Muslim.
Why did the Dutch leave Mauritius?
Unfortunately the crops and fort were not long lasting and they were badly damaged by a cyclone in 1644. Discouraged by the bad conditions in Mauritius of droughts, storms, rats and monkeys which prevented agricultural progress, the Dutch decided to abandon the island.
Who named Mauritius?
It was claimed as a Dutch possession and given the name Mauritius, after the Dutch Stadholder Maurits van Nassau. Over the next 40 years, Mauritius was used as a refreshing station for Dutch East Indiamen on their journeys between Europe and East Asia.