The climate of Ethiopia is therefore mainly controlled by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and associated atmospheric circulations as well as by the complex topography of the country.
Which climatic controls are dominant in Ethiopia?
Precipitation and maximum temperature were the more dominant climatic variables.
What are the factors that affect climate in Ethiopia?
The country’s vulnerability to climate change is further increased by high levels of poverty, rapid population growth, and reliance on rain-fed agriculture. In addition, high levels of environmental degradation, chronic food insecurity, frequent natural drought cycles, etc.
What is the climate system of Ethiopia?
Ethiopia is in the tropical zone laying between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer. Kolla (Tropical zone) – is below 1830 metres in elevation and has an average annual temperature of about 27 degree Celsius with annual rainfall about 510 millimetres. …
Which controls weather and climate?
The most important factors affecting climate are latitude, altitude, distance from the ocean and sea, orientation of mountain ranges toward prevailing winds, and the ocean current. Latitude is how far a place is north or south of the equator. Latitude affects climate in many ways.
Is Ethiopia hot or cold?
Eastern Ethiopia is typically warm and dry, while the Northern Highlands are cool and wet in season. If you’re planning on visiting the Omo River Region, be prepared for very hot temperatures.
What is winter in Ethiopia?
From October to May, Ethiopia has its dry season. … The period from December to February can be classified as Ethiopia’s ‘winter’ season when the overall climate is a little cooler than during the rest of the year. From March to May, temperatures are on the rise again. In Addis Ababa, May can often be the hottest month.
What are 5 effects of climate change?
What are the effects of climate change and global warming?
- rising maximum temperatures.
- rising minimum temperatures.
- rising sea levels.
- higher ocean temperatures.
- an increase in heavy precipitation (heavy rain and hail)
- shrinking glaciers.
- thawing permafrost.
What are the main impacts of climate change?
Impacts. Humans and wild animals face new challenges for survival because of climate change. More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals, destroy the places they live, and wreak havoc on people’s livelihoods and communities.
What are some consequences of climate change?
Climate change affects all regions around the world. Polar ice shields are melting and the sea is rising. In some regions extreme weather events and rainfall are becoming more common while others are experiencing more extreme heat waves and droughts. These impacts are expected to intensify in the coming decades.
What is the coldest month in Ethiopia?
The best time of year to visit Addis Ababa in Ethiopia
The warmest month is May with an average maximum temperature of 25°C (77°F). The coldest month is December with an average maximum temperature of 20°C (68°F). August is the most wet month.
Is Ethiopia the hottest place on earth?
The Danakil Depression, in the northeastern corner of Ethiopia, has the distinction of being the hottest place on earth, with recorded temperatures of 125 degrees. It’s sometimes called “the gateway to Hell.” The lava lake in the Erta Ale volcano is one of only 4 living lava lakes in the world.
What is Ethiopia known for?
Ethiopia is famous for being the place where the coffee bean originated. It is also known for its gold medalists and its rock-hewn churches. Ethiopia is the top honey and coffee producer in Africa and has the largest livestock population in Africa. … The Rastafarian religion claims Ethiopia as its spiritual homeland.