The climate of Ethiopia and its dependent territories varies greatly. It is temperate on the plateau and hot in the lowlands. The country lies wholly within the tropics, but its nearness to the equator is counterbalanced by the elevation of the land.
What is the terrain in Ethiopia?
The terrain of Ethiopia includes Massive highland complex of mountains and dissected plateaus divided by Great Rift Valley running generally southwest to northeast and surrounded by lowlands, steppes, or semidesert; northeastern coastline of about 960 kilometers along the Red Sea.
What is the climate of Ethiopia?
As a result of its position and its varied topography, Ethiopia’s climate varies – broadly speaking – from tropical in the north-eastern lowlands and south-eastern lowlands to temperate and cool in the highlands.
What is a mountainous terrain in Ethiopia?
The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia in northeast Africa. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft).
What is the average climate in Ethiopia?
Ethiopia – Climate
Ethiopian climate varies according to the different topographical regions. The central plateau has a moderate climate with minimal seasonal temperature variation. The mean minimum during the coldest season is 6° C (43° F ), while the mean maximum rarely exceeds 26° C (79° F ).
Is Ethiopia hot or cold?
Eastern Ethiopia is typically warm and dry, while the Northern Highlands are cool and wet in season. If you’re planning on visiting the Omo River Region, be prepared for very hot temperatures.
What race are Ethiopians?
The Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans make up more than three-quarters (75%) of the population, but there are more than 80 different ethnic groups within Ethiopia. Some of these have as few as 10,000 members.
What is the coldest month in Ethiopia?
The best time of year to visit Addis Ababa in Ethiopia
The warmest month is May with an average maximum temperature of 25°C (77°F). The coldest month is December with an average maximum temperature of 20°C (68°F). August is the most wet month.
How old is Ethiopian?
Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and one of the world’s oldest – it exists for at least 2,000 years. The country comprises more than 80 ethnic groups and as many languages. Primarily their shared independent existence unites Ethiopia’s many nations.
What is Ethiopia known for?
Ethiopia is famous for being the place where the coffee bean originated. It is also known for its gold medalists and its rock-hewn churches. Ethiopia is the top honey and coffee producer in Africa and has the largest livestock population in Africa. … The Rastafarian religion claims Ethiopia as its spiritual homeland.
Does snowfall in Ethiopia?
No peak in Ethiopia is permanently snow covered. The largest area of continuous plateau is the central part of the country, north and northeast of Addis Ababa and south of the Blue Nile River.
What is the smallest mountain in Ethiopia?
The whole country has a mean elevation of 1330 meters, and the highest point is Ras Dashen with an elevation of 4,550 meters while the lowest point is Danakil depression with an elevation of -125 meters.
Is Ethiopia rich in natural resources?
Background. Ethiopia is gifted with abundant natural resources of adequate landmass, fertile soil, favorable climate, water, wildlife, and others. Many of its resources are not properly identified, well managed, and fully exploited.