Where does the Niger River begin and end?
Its source is in the Guinea Highlands in southeastern Guinea near the Sierra Leone border. It runs in a crescent through Mali, Niger, on the border with Benin and then through Nigeria, discharging through a massive delta, known as the Niger Delta (or the Oil Rivers), into the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.
What was river Niger before?
Therefore, most people think the name is from the original people of the area in the middle of the river where early European maps used the name “Quorra“. One possibility is the Tuareg phrase gher n gheren “river of rivers”, shortened to ngher or “niger”, from the middle of the river near Timbuktu.
Does the Niger River flow north or south?
The Niger delta, which stretches for nearly 150 miles (240 km) from north to south and spreads along the coast for about 200 miles (320 km), extends over an area of 14,000 square miles (36,000 square km). Within the delta the river breaks up into an intricate network of channels called rivers.
Why is the Niger river important?
The Niger River and its Inner Delta are vital for agriculture, livestock, fisheries, transport, energy, tourism, and water filtration, as well as as a habitat for a range of fish and other aquatic animals, including a variety of protected species.
Which of the three West African kingdoms was the largest?
Songhai was the largest West African kingdom of the three.
How did Niger get its name?
The country takes its name from the Niger River, which flows through the southwestern part of its territory. The name Niger derives in turn from the phrase gher n-gheren, meaning “river among rivers,” in the Tamashek language.
Who is the longest river in the world?
- Nile: 4,132 miles.
- Amazon: 4,000 miles.
- Yangtze: 3,915 miles.
What is the meaning of Niger Delta?
The Niger Delta is the delta of the Niger River sitting directly on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean in Nigeria. … The Niger Delta is a very densely populated region sometimes called the Oil Rivers because it was once a major producer of palm oil.
Is Niger River fresh water?
Eleven of the 18 families of freshwater fish that are endemic to Africa are represented in the Niger River. The river harbours 36 families and nearly 250 species of freshwater fish, of which 20 are found nowhere else on Earth.