The effective Spanish colonization of Africa was finally established in the first third of the 20th century. North Morocco, Ifni, the Tarfaya region, Western Sahara, and the territories of early-21st-century Equatorial Guinea comprised what broadly could be defined as Spanish colonial Africa.
Why are there no Spanish colonies in Africa?
Coupled with its destabilizing civil war at the end of the 1930s, Spain was no longer a world power and thus was no longer able to keep or obtain new colonies during the “Scramble for Africa” or in the wake of the two world wars.
What colony did Spain have in Africa?
In our geographic imaginaries, Spanish colonialism tends to be mapped onto South America and perhaps the Philippines. However, the last Spanish colony to claim independence from Spain in 1968 was a territory in West Africa—Equatorial Guinea—a nation-state where Spanish still serves as the official language.
Does Spain still have territory in Africa?
In Morocco they call them the occupied “Sebtah and Melilah”. The rest of the world knows them as the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa.
What are the 9 Spanish territories in Africa?
- Ceuta, on the north coast of Africa.
- Melilla, on the north coast of Africa.
- Plazas de soberanía, sovereign territories scattered along the Mediterranean coast bordering Morocco.
- Canary Islands, an archipelago off the coast of Morocco.
Did Africa ever invade Spain?
1. The Spanish occupation by the Moors began in 711 AD when an African army, under their leader Tariq ibn-Ziyad, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from northern Africa and invaded the Iberian peninsula ‘Andalus’ (Spain under the Visigoths).
Did Spain invade Africa?
After Spain lost its last colonies in Cuba and the Philippines in 1898, its interest in the African continent increased. The effective Spanish colonization of Africa was finally established in the first third of the 20th century.
When did Spain lose Africa?
Spanish West Africa
|Spanish West Africa الافريقية الغربية الاسبانية África Occidental Española|
|• Established||20 July 1946|
|• Disestablished||10 January 1958|
|Preceded by Succeeded by Ifni Spanish Morocco Spanish Sahara Ifni Morocco Spanish Sahara|
How did Spain take over Africa?
The main goal of the Scramble of Africa was to gain power by conquering land and to distribute the wealth that is being a white man. … This would then explain as to why Spain had limited colonization in Africa, with two general territories being Morocco and the Western Sahara.
Did Portugal colonize Africa?
In the 1500s, Portugal colonized the present-day west African country of Guinea-Bissau and the two southern African countries of Angola and Mozambique. The Portuguese captured and enslaved many people from these countries and sent them to the New World. … Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bissau gained independence in 1975.
What part of Africa does Spain own?
It has an area of 12.3 km2 (4.7 sq mi). One of two Spanish autonomous cities in mainland Africa together with Ceuta, it was part of the Province of Málaga until 14 March 1995, when the Statute of Autonomy of Melilla was passed.
|Melilla Mlilt (Tarifit)|
Is Melilla Spain safe?
Melilla is a safe city to visit, though not unconditionally so. There are always lots of people enjoying the beach, etc. until late; though it is not advisable to travel alone at night, even in the city centre. Street robbery is not an uncommon occurrence for people walking alone at night in Melilla.