Leading causes of death in children under 5 years are preterm birth complications, pneumonia, birth asphyxia, diarrhoea and malaria. About 45% of all child deaths are linked to malnutrition. Children in sub-Saharan Africa are more than 14 times more likely to die before the age of 5 than children in developed regions.
What causes child mortality in Africa?
Linkages with maternal health. Child mortality is inextricably linked with maternal mortality. In Africa, at least 25 per cent of all deaths in children under-five occur within the first month, 75 per cent of these during the first week. Causes include infection, asphyxia, and preterm and low birth weight.
What is the biggest killer of children in Africa?
Diarrhoea is now the biggest killer of children in Africa. 1 Every day, 2,000 African children die from diarrhoea – deaths that are entirely preventable. Nine out of ten cases of diarrhoea can be prevented by safe water and sanitation – proven cost-effective interventions.
What is the leading cause of child mortality?
Unintentional injuries—such as those caused by burns, drowning, falls, poisoning and road traffic—are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children in the United States.
What is child mortality in Africa?
The highest rates of child mortality are still in Sub-Saharan Africa—where 1 in 9 children dies before age five, more than 16 times the average for developed regions (1 in 152). Under-five mortality rate in Africa (per 1,000 live births) declined from 163 in 1990 to 100 in 2011.
What kills the most children in Africa?
Pneumonia is the biggest child killer in the world
This preventable disease kills more children than any other infection in Africa and in the world.
What is the life expectancy of Africa?
Lybia, Morocco, Tunisia, and Mauritius followed, with a life expectancy of 76 years. On the other hand, Central African Republic registered the lowest average, at 53 years.
Life expectancy at birth in Africa as of 2019, by country (in years)
|Characteristic||Life expectancy in years|
|Sao Tome and Principe||68|
What are the six child killer diseases?
These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.
What is the leading cause of child mortality in developing countries?
In less developed countries, malnutrition is the main cause of child mortality. Pneumonia, diarrhea, and malaria together are the cause of 1 out of every 3 deaths before the age of 5 while nearly half of under-five deaths globally are attributable to under-nutrition.
What is the most common childhood injury?
Falls: The most common cause of injury for kids of all ages. Falls are the leading cause of injury among children. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that roughly 8,000 children are treated in U.S. emergency rooms for fall-related injuries every day.