Following the conquest of North Africa by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century CE, Islam spread throughout West Africa via merchants, traders, scholars, and missionaries, that is largely through peaceful means whereby African rulers either tolerated the religion or converted to it themselves.
What is the relationship of Islam to African culture?
Islam in Africa is often adapted to local cultural contexts and belief systems, thereby forming the continent’s own orthodoxies. Different societies in Africa have generally appropriated Islam in both more inclusive ways, or in the more radical ways, as with the Almoravid movement in the Maghreb and Sahara.
How did Islam affect African kingdoms?
Islam promoted trade between West Africa and the Mediterranean. The religion developed and widened the trans-Saharan Caravan trade. The trade enriched the West African and the Muslim traders. Muslims from North Africa came in their numbers and settled in the commercial centres.
What was the relationship between Islam and the indigenous religions of Africa quizlet?
What was the relationship between Islam and the indigenous religions of Africa? a. Because both indigenous African religion and Islam were monotheistic, the two became inextricably intertwined.
What African kingdoms were Islamic?
Early Muslim interest was concentrated on two major western African kingdoms: Kanem, in the east, north of Lake Chad; and Ghana, in the extreme west, on the borders of modern Mauritania and Mali.
How did African states change as a result of Islam?
Some African societies were matrilineal, and these changed to a patrilineal system. More superficial changes included the changing of names to those favoured by Muslims. Often such names were adapted to suit African languages, for example, Muhammad became Mamadu and Ali was Africanized to Aliyu.
How has cultural diffusion influenced religious life in Africa?
The religion reflect the cultural diversity of Africa It reflects the cultural diversity by helping to unite different societies. Through religion, people came to understand their origins. Although beliefs and ceremonies varied, African religions have had some common threads. … Arab traders introduced Islam to Africa.
What part of Africa was first introduced to Islam?
Islam came to root along the East African coast some time in the 8th century, as part of a continuing dialogue between the people on the East coast and traders from the Persian Gulf and Oman. Like early Christianity, Islam was monotheistic, that is, Muslims worship only one God.
What is the original religion of Africa?
The Story of Africa| BBC World Service. Christianity came first to the continent of Africa in the 1st or early 2nd century AD. Oral tradition says the first Muslims appeared while the prophet Mohammed was still alive (he died in 632). Thus both religions have been on the continent of Africa for over 1,300 years.
How did Islam and Christianity differ in their invasions of Africa?
Europeans and Arabs were both primarily concerned with the spread of religion and culture. Europeans sought only the spread of Christianity, while the Arabs were in search of new trade routes. …
Why did Swahili convert to Islam?
When Arabs came to the East African coast, they also had their own way of life. They came to Africa mainly to do trade. As the Arabs traded in East Africa, they intermarried with the Swahili people. The Arabs also introduced their religion to the Swahili people that led to the majority of Swahili converting to Islam.