|Union of South Africa Unie van Zuid-Afrika (Dutch) Unie van Suid-Afrika (Afrikaans)|
|Currency||South African pound (1910–61), South African rand (1961)|
|Preceded by Succeeded by Cape Colony Natal Colony Orange River Colony Transvaal Colony German South West Africa South Africa South West Africa|
What was South Africa called before 1652?
The two European countries who occupied the land were the Netherlands (1652-1795 and 1803-1806) and Great Britain (1795-1803 and 1806-1961). Although South Africa became a Union with its own white people government in 1910, the country was still regarded as a colony of Britain till 1961.
Who ruled South Africa before 1961?
Increased European encroachment ultimately led to the colonisation and occupation of South Africa by the Dutch. The Cape Colony remained under Dutch rule until 1795 before it fell to the British Crown, before reverting back to Dutch Rule in 1803 and again to British occupation in 1806.
Who settled South Africa first?
The first European settlement in southern Africa was established by the Dutch East India Company in Table Bay (Cape Town) in 1652. Created to supply passing ships with fresh produce, the colony grew rapidly as Dutch farmers settled to grow crops.
When did South Africa get rid of apartheid?
Apartheid, the Afrikaans name given by the white-ruled South Africa’s Nationalist Party in 1948 to the country’s harsh, institutionalized system of racial segregation, came to an end in the early 1990s in a series of steps that led to the formation of a democratic government in 1994.
Who ruled South Africa before Nelson Mandela?
F. W. de Klerk
|F. W. de Klerk OMG DMS|
|Preceded by||P. W. Botha|
|Succeeded by||Nelson Mandela as President|
|1st Deputy President of South Africa|
|In office 10 May 1994 – 30 June 1996 Serving with Thabo Mbeki|
Did the Boers have slaves?
Page 3 – The Boers
Many of these farmers settled in the fertile lands around Cape Town and used slaves, some of whom were brought in from other Dutch territories, to work their farms. The colony was administered by the Dutch East India Company for nearly 150 years.
Who ruled South Africa during apartheid?
Under the administration of the South African president F.W. de Klerk, legislation supporting apartheid was repealed in the early 1990s, and a new constitution—one that enfranchised blacks and other racial groups—was adopted in 1993.
Why did Britain want South Africa?
The British wanted to control South Africa because it was one of the trade routes to India. However, when gold and diamonds were discovered in the 1860s-1880s their interest in the region increased. … The Boers disliked British rule. They wanted a simple farming life.
What was South Africa called before 1910?
Following the defeat of the Boers in the Anglo-Boer or South African War (1899–1902), the Union of South Africa was created as a self-governing dominion of the British Empire on 31 May 1910 in terms of the South Africa Act 1909, which amalgamated the four previously separate British colonies: Cape Colony, Colony of …
Where did white South Africans come from?
The majority of English-speaking White South Africans trace their ancestry to the 1820 Settlers. The remainder of the White South African population consists of later immigrants from Europe such as Greeks and Jews (the majority of whom left after the end of Apartheid).