Commanding the British was Gen. Archibald Wavell, who had been appointed to the newly created post of commander in chief for the Middle East in July 1939, when the first steps were taken to strengthen the forces guarding the Suez Canal.
Why did Germany lose North Africa?
The Axis defeat at El Alamein meant that North Africa would be lost to Hitler and Mussolini. The defeat was due to a variety of factors. These included insufficient Axis numbers, overextended supply lines, and Allied air superiority.
Did America fight North Africa?
The United States officially entered the war in December 1941 and began direct military assistance in North Africa on 11 May 1942.
North African campaign.
|Date||10 June 1940 – 13 May 1943 2 years, 11 months and 3 days|
|Location||Libya, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia|
Who led the US troops in Italy?
On September 9th, US 5th Army under General Mark W. Clark landed near Salerno, 150 miles up the western coast of the Italian boot. Since Italy had surrendered, Clark expected only light opposition, perhaps a few coastal defense units who hadn’t gotten the memo, but nothing serious.
Why did the US invade North Africa first?
It stemmed mainly from a demand for early action against the European members of the Axis, and ostensibly was designed to ease the pressure on the hard-pressed Soviet armies and check the threatened advance of German power into the Middle East.