The production of cocoa begins in the tropical regions around the Equator, where the hot and humid climate is well suited for growing cocoa trees. 70% of the world’s cocoa beans come from four West African countries: Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon.
Why is chocolate grown in Africa?
In Western Africa, cocoa is a commodity crop grown primarily for export; 60% of the Ivory Coast’s export revenue comes from its cocoa. As the chocolate industry has grown over the years, so has the demand for cheap cocoa. On average, cocoa farmers earn less than $2 per day, an income below the poverty line.
How did cocoa farming end up in Africa?
In West Africa, cocoa has historically been cultivated using slash and burn farming. Forest was cut down and burned before planting, and then, when the plot became infertile, the farmer moved to fresh forestland and did the same again.
When did cocoa farming start in Africa?
In Ghana, the cocoa industry began in the late 19th century and in Côte d’Ivoire it began in the early 20th century. Ghana became the largest cocoa producer in the world in 1910. By 1980 Côte d’Ivoire overtook Ghana as the biggest producer. In both countries, the majority of farms are small and family-owned.
Where is cocoa mainly grown in Africa?
This simple method explains that some six million ha of the West African forest zone are planted with cocoa, which provides about 70 percent of the total world production. At present Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana are the largest producers followed by Nigeria and Cameroon.
Where did cocoa originally come from?
History. The cacao tree is native to Mexico. It was first domesticated 5,300 years ago, in equatorial South America, before being domesticated in Central America by the Olmecs (Mexico).
Which African city is famous for chocolate?
Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire) leads the world in production and export of the cocoa beans used in the manufacture of chocolate, as of 2012, supplying 38% of cocoa produced in the world.
Which country is the main producer of cocoa?
1. Ivory Coast. The Ivory Coast is by far the largest cocoa producing country in the world supplying over 30% of the world’s cocoa beans at 2,034,000 tonnes in 2017. The cocoa industry is hugely important to the economy of the country as it accounts for 40.2% of its export income.
Who brought cocoa in Africa?
The credit of having first brought the cacao tree from the New World to the African tropics undoubtedly goes to the Portuguese. They are reputed to have planted cacao on the island of San Thome” (off French Gabon) as far back as 1822.
What are three reasons for the high death rate in Africa?
Distribution of the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019
|Characteristic||Distribution of causes of death|
|Lower respiratory infections||9.9%|
|Ischaemic heart disease||5.5%|