1. The Spanish occupation by the Moors began in 711 AD when an African army, under their leader Tariq ibn-Ziyad, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from northern Africa and invaded the Iberian peninsula ‘Andalus’ (Spain under the Visigoths).
What did Spain take from Africa?
However, the last Spanish colony to claim independence from Spain in 1968 was a territory in West Africa—Equatorial Guinea—a nation-state where Spanish still serves as the official language. A few years before Spanish Guinea’s independence in 1968, exports per capita were the highest in Africa.
Why didn’t Spain go to Africa?
Spain didn’t colonize outside of North Africa for several reasons. 1) They didn’t have to, since they had far more lucrative colonies in the New World. These had incredibly arable land, and brought in more money than colonies in Africa would.
Did Spain have any colonies in Africa?
The effective Spanish colonization of Africa was finally established in the first third of the 20th century. North Morocco, Ifni, the Tarfaya region, Western Sahara, and the territories of early-21st-century Equatorial Guinea comprised what broadly could be defined as Spanish colonial Africa.
When did Spain lose Africa?
Spanish West Africa
|Spanish West Africa الافريقية الغربية الاسبانية África Occidental Española|
|• Established||20 July 1946|
|• Disestablished||10 January 1958|
|Preceded by Succeeded by Ifni Spanish Morocco Spanish Sahara Ifni Morocco Spanish Sahara|
Are Spanish North African?
Spanish North Africa, five small areas, in special relationship with the Spanish government, on and off the Mediterranean coast of Morocco. They are Alhucemas, Ceuta, the Chafarinas Islands, Melilla (qq.
What did Portugal want from Africa?
Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. The trans-Saharan trade routes between Songhay and the North African traders provided Europe with gold coins used to trade spices, silks and other luxuries from India.
Why did Spain come to Africa?
The main goal of the Scramble of Africa was to gain power by conquering land and to distribute the wealth that is being a white man. … This would then explain as to why Spain had limited colonization in Africa, with two general territories being Morocco and the Western Sahara.
Are there still Moors in Spain?
For hundreds of years, North African Muslims ruled southern Spain. Now some of their descendants are contributing to a “Moorish revival” that is regenerating parts of Andalucia, says the BBC’s Sylvia Smith.
What does a black Moor mean?
So-called blackamoors, or Black Moors, were Black servants, originally enslaved North Africans, who worked in wealthy European households from the 15th-18th centuries.
Are Moors black?
The term is of little use in describing the ethnic characteristics of any groups, ancient or modern. From the Middle Ages to the 17th century, however, Europeans depicted Moors as being black, “swarthy,” or “tawny” in skin colour.