Xenophobia, simply put, is the fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers; it is embodied in discriminatory attitudes and behaviour, and often culminates in violence, abuses of all types, and exhibitions of hatred.
What causes xenophobia?
A report by the Human Sciences Research Council identified four broad causes for the violence: relative deprivation, specifically intense competition for jobs, commodities and housing; group processes, including psychological categorisation processes that are nationalistic rather than superordinate.
What exactly is xenophobia?
Xenophobia, or fear of strangers, is a broad term that may be applied to any fear of someone who is different from us. Hostility towards outsiders is often a reaction to fear.
What are two causes of xenophobia?
The most obvious motives advanced for the socio-economic causes of Xenophobia are unemployment, poverty and inadequate or lack of service delivery which are mostly politically attributed.
What are the consequences of xenophobia?
Particular manifestations and frequency of xenophobia are well known. ‘ It is also well known that, in conjunction with pseudo-speciation,2 xenophobia leads to high aggressiveness and may lead to war, due to the weakening of mechanisms for mutual accommodation and inhibitions against killing.
Is a child born in South Africa a citizen?
In terms of the Act, a child born in South Africa and of which one of the parents was a South African citizen or South African permanent residence holder at the time of the child’s birth, shall be a South African citizen by birth in the case of births from 6 October 1995 when the Act came into operation.
What is the treatment for xenophobia?
As for all other phobias, medical treatment for xenophobia involves cognitive behavioral therapies and counseling to mitigate the irrational fear coupled with anti-anxiety medication (eg clonazepam and oxazepam) and anti-depressants.
When was the last xenophobic attack in South Africa?
The South African Institute of Race Relations stated that the riots were similar in nature and origin to the 2008 xenophobic riots that also occurred in Johannesburg.
2019 Johannesburg riots.
|Date||1–5 September 2019 8 September 2019|
|Location||Johannesburg, South Africa|
|Caused by||Xenophobia Death of a mini-bus taxi driver|
Which SA law is unjust?
4 of 2000) is a comprehensive South African anti-discrimination law. It prohibits unfair discrimination by the government and by private organisations and individuals and forbids hate speech and harassment.
|Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act, 2000|
|Bill published on||25 October 1999|
What should be done in order to address xenophobia?
Practical Ways to Address Xenophobic Violence
- Develop domestic laws that address xenophobic violence alongside other forms of bias-motivated violence;
- Strengthen police and justice responses to xenophobic violence;
- Develop mechanisms to monitor and report on xenophobic violence; and.
How does xenophobia affect tourism?
Xenophobia destroys the nation’s economy structure that tourism might have built, reduces socio-economic benefits accrued to community residents through tourism enterprises. As the world is a global society several tiers of government should take vivid stands against several causes of xenophobia in the society.