Extended families formed villages to help control flooding rivers, to farm the land, to mine for iron or gold, or for protection. Explain the role of ironworking and trade in the development of villages into towns and cities. With iron tools, farmers cleared land and grew crops more efficiently.
How did villages form in West Africa?
Rivers, such as the Niger, served as trade routes. Early Communities Early societies in West Africa were family-based communities. Some of these communities joined together to form villages. Banding together in villages allowed people to take advantage of natural resources and to defend themselves from attack.
Why did communities in West Africa build states?
They were built to ensure the safety of farmers and control the profits from trading kola nuts, gold, and other goods going north. In the mountains of Central Africa, the kings of Kitara and their neighbors created systems of nobility and monarchy based on ownership of cattle.
Why did people move to West Africa?
Driven in part by economic concerns, and in part by frustration with the straitened social conditions of the South, in the 1870s African Americans began moving North and West in great numbers.
What caused West Africa’s population to grow?
These questions can best be answered by considering the key drivers of population growth in Africa. The main one is high fertility which is driven by multiple factors, including high desired family size, low levels of use of modern contraceptives, and high levels of adolescent childbearing.
How did West Africa fall?
West Africa. … With the gradual abolition of slavery in the European colonial empires during the 19th century, slave trade again became less lucrative and the West African empires entered a period of decline, and mostly collapsed by the end of the 19th century.
How did trade develop in West Africa?
With the use of camels trade routes began to form between cities across the Sahara Desert. … Islamic traders entered the region and began to trade for gold and slaves from Western Africa. The trade routes remained an important part of the African economy throughout the Middle Ages until the 1500s.
Who is the famous ruler of medieval Africa?
Mansa Musa, fourteenth century emperor of the Mali Empire, is the medieval African ruler most known to the world outside Africa.
How many years did the NOK thrive in West Africa?
The Nok Culture appeared in Nigeria around 1500 BC and vanished under unknown circumstances around 500 AD, having lasted approximately 2,000 years. Iron use, in smelting and forging tools, appears in Nok culture by at least 550 BC and possibly a few centuries earlier.
How did Islam spread into West Africa?
Islam first came to West Africa as a slow and peaceful process, spread by Muslim traders and scholars. The early journeys across the Sahara were done in stages. Goods passed through chains of Muslim traders, purchased, finally, by local non-Muslims at the southern most end of the route.
Where did most of the slaves from Africa go?
Myth One: The majority of African captives came to what became the United States. Truth: Only a little more than 300,000 captives, or 4-6 percent, came to the United States. The majority of enslaved Africans went to Brazil, followed by the Caribbean.
Where did Africans come from?
The vast majority of those who were enslaved and transported in the transatlantic slave trade were people from Central and West Africa, who had been captured directly by the slave traders in coastal raids, or sold by other West Africans, or by half-European “merchant princes” to European slave traders, who brought them …
How were slaves captured in Africa?
Most slaves in Africa were captured in wars or in surprise raids on villages. Adults were bound and gagged and infants were sometimes thrown into sacks.