How is climate change affecting West Africa?

West Africa has been identified as a climate-change hotspot, with climate change likely to lessen crop yields and production, with resultant impacts on food security. Southern Africa will also be affected.

What are the impacts of climate change in Africa?

The main longer-term impacts of climate change in Africa include changing rainfall patterns affecting agriculture and reducing food security; worsen- ing water security; decreasing fish resources in large lakes due to rising temperatures and overfishing; rising sea levels affecting low-lying coastal areas with large …

Which African country is most affected by climate change?

Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi, South Sudan and Niger were the five African countries among the ten most-affected due to extreme weather in 2019 according to the index. Mozambique and Zimbabwe were ranked first and second. Malawi was ranked fifth, South Sudan eighth and Niger ninth.

Why is Africa most affected by climate change?

Climate change will increasingly impact Africa due to many factors. These impacts are already being felt and will increase in magnitude if action is not taken to reduce global carbon emissions. The impacts include higher temperatures, drought, changing rainfall patterns, and increased climate variability.

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What are 5 effects of climate change?

What are the effects of climate change and global warming?

  • rising maximum temperatures.
  • rising minimum temperatures.
  • rising sea levels.
  • higher ocean temperatures.
  • an increase in heavy precipitation (heavy rain and hail)
  • shrinking glaciers.
  • thawing permafrost.

Who will be most affected by climate change?

While everyone around the world feels the effects of climate change, the most vulnerable are people living in the world’s poorest countries, like Haiti and Timor-Leste, who have limited financial resources to cope with disasters, as well as the world’s 2.5 billion smallholder farmers, herders and fisheries who depend …

Which countries are causing the most climate change?

The 20 countries that emitted the most carbon dioxide in 2018

Rank Country CO2 emissions (total)
1 China 10.06GT
2 United States 5.41GT
3 India 2.65GT
4 Russian Federation 1.71GT

Where is global warming hitting the hardest?

Heavy rain and storms exacerbated by climate change particularly affected East Africa, Asia and South America in 2019, according to the latest Climate Risk Index.

How much does Africa contribute to climate?

Africa can easily be said to contribute the least of any continent to global warming. Each year Africa produces an average of just over 1 metric ton of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide per person, according to the U.S. Department of Energy’s International Energy Annual 2002.

How do we stop climate change?

Demand Climate Action

  1. Speak up! …
  2. Power your home with renewable energy. …
  3. Weatherize, weatherize, weatherize. …
  4. Invest in energy-efficient appliances. …
  5. Reduce water waste. …
  6. Actually eat the food you buy—and make less of it meat. …
  7. Buy better bulbs. …
  8. Pull the plug(s).
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