How is the region of sub Saharan Africa different from northern Africa?

How are North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa different?

For some, the dividing line is more than the Sahara – it is culture, language and even skin tone. North Africa is predominantly Arab and relatively more developed. … But when it comes to an African identity, some sub-Saharan Africans believe they have more claim to the continent than their northern counterparts.

What is the difference between Saharan Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa?

Anywhere south of the desert is, geographically, “sub-Saharan”. … They are south of the Sahara, but the IMF oversees them from its Middle East and Central Asia department. The World Bank used to include both countries in sub-Saharan Africa, before moving Djibouti to the Middle East and North Africa in 2000.

Why is North Africa considered as another region distinguished from Sub-Saharan Africa?

North Africa is separated from Subsaharan Africa by the African Transition Zone, a transitional area between Islamic-dominated North Africa and animist- and Christian-dominated Subsaharan Africa. It is also a transition between the Sahara Desert and the tropical type A climates of Africa’s equatorial region.

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What makes Sub-Saharan Africa unique?

In addition to an array of landforms from rift valleys to mountains to deserts, Sub-Saharan Africa contains a wide variety of climate zones and precipitation patterns. In general, the continent is relatively hot with temperate climates in the higher elevations.

Why do they call it Sub-Saharan Africa?

Why? He claimed, “Sub-Saharan Africa is a pejorative term. It is a euphemism for contemptuousness employed by the continent’s detractors to delineate between the five Arab countries that make up north Africa from the other 42 countries and the islands that make up the rest of Africa.”

Is Sub-Saharan Africa poor?

Half of the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have poverty rates higher than 35%. These numbers become even more alarming when compared with the levels of extreme poverty in other regions. Of the top 20 economies with poverty rate estimates in PovcalNet, 18 are in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Why Sub-Saharan Africa is poor?

While the root causes of poverty in Sub-saharan Africa are not different from the causes of poverty anywhere else, poverty has been growing in Sub-saharan Africa due to the long-term impacts of external factors like war, genocide, famine, and land availability.

What is Sub-Saharan Africa known for?

Sub-Saharan Africa has been the site of many empires and kingdoms, including Nubia, Axum, Wagadugu (Ghana), Mali, Nok, Songhai, Kanem-Bornu, Benin and Great Zimbabwe.

What countries fall under Sub-Saharan Africa?

Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Angola.
  • Benin.
  • Botswana.
  • Burkina Faso.
  • Burundi.
  • Cabo Verde.
  • Cameroon.
  • Central African Republic.

How does the Sahara desert act like a barrier between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa?

The lack of water resources in the desert make the land unsuitable for agriculture and human population. As a result, the Sahara acts as a giant natural wall both economically, culturally, and socially since relations between states to the north and south of the desert are difficult.

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What is the transition zone in Africa?

The Sahel is a narrow band of semi-arid land that forms a transition zone between the Sahara to the north and the savannas to the south. It is made up of flat, barren plains that stretch roughly 5,400 kilometers (3,300 miles) across Africa, from Senegal to Sudan.

What countries are part of northern Africa?

The UN subregion of North Africa consists of 7 countries at the northernmost part of the continent — Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara.

What is the culture of sub-Saharan Africa?

Some of them are the Zulu, Shona, Sukuma, Kikuyu, Kongo, Mongo, Luba, and the Swahili. Other groups are the Amhara, the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, the Hausa, a traditionally nomadic tribe that converted to Islam and lives in Niger, Nigeria and other countries of West Africa.

Which best describes sub-Saharan Africa?

Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically and ethnoculturally, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the United Nations, it consists of all African countries and territories that are fully or partially south of the Sahara.

What is the climate like in Sub-Saharan Africa?

With the exception of Southern Africa, virtually the entirety of the sub-Saharan region lies in the tropics and, as such, generally tends to exhibit the characteristics of tropical and subtropical climatic zones. … Here, humid tropical conditions are more pronounced, particularly during the summer months.

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