With decolonization, Bechuanaland and Basutoland became independent in 1966 and became known as Republic of Botswana (capital: Gaborone); and Kingdom of Lesotho (capital: Maseru), followed in 1968 by Swaziland, now known as Eswatini. … Lesotho is not just landlocked – it is South Africa-locked.
Is Swaziland a part of South Africa?
The UN subregion of Southern Africa consists of five countries in the southernmost part of the continent–Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Is Lesotho the same as Swaziland?
Basutoland, a tiny enclave surrounded by South Africa, became Lesotho. Swaziland becoming eSwatini is much the same story, serving to distance the country from its colonial past, albeit 50 years after the separation.
Does Swaziland fall under South Africa?
Introducing Swaziland. The Kingdom of Swaziland is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. Swaziland is bordered to the north, south and west by South Africa, and to the east by Mozambique. … Swaziland is a small country measuring no more than 200 km north to south and 130 km east to west.
Why is there a country in the middle of South Africa?
The short answer is that the inhabitants of what is now Lesotho were ornery and didn’t roll over to British hegemony, so they were not included in South Africa with the more controllable people. The long version requires some background. The precursor to the Republic of South Africa was the Union of South Africa.
What is Lesotho known for?
In fact, the country’s geography is particularly unique earning it the title of Africa’s “Kingdom in the sky” – it is the only country in the world to be entirely above 1 000m in elevation and it has the highest lowest point in the entire world at 1 400m. Lesotho also boasts 300 days of sunshine.
What is the religion of Lesotho?
Christianity is the dominant religion. The Christian Council of Lesotho, made up of representatives of all major Christian churches in the country, estimates that approximately 90 percent of the population is Christian.