The Sharpeville massacre in South Africa took place on 21 March 1960, triggering mass underground resistance as well as international solidarity demonstrations. … Some say that its biggest impact came in making white South Africans aware of the brutality with which political Blacks were being suppressed.
Why is 1960 referred to as the Year of Africa?
1960 is referred to as the Year of Africa because of a series of events that took place during the year—mainly the independence of seventeen African nations—that highlighted the growing Pan-African sentiments in the continent.
What was South Africa excluded from in the 1960’s?
Commenced: 7 April 1960 Repealed by section 73 of the Internal Security Act No 74 of 1982. The Extension of University Education Amendment Act, Act No 34, bans Black students from attending White universities. 8 April, The ANC and the PAC are banned in South Africa. Passage of the Unlawful Organisations Act.
Who was the South African president in 1960?
The Republic of South Africa was proclaimed on 31 May 1961. Charles Robberts Swart, the last Governor-General, was sworn in as the first State President.
Why did Britain leave South Africa?
Britain, due to the military burden imposed on it by the Crimean War in Europe, then withdrew its troops from the territory in 1854, when the territory along with other areas in the region was claimed by the Boers as an independent Boer republic, which they named the Orange Free State.
Which countries became independent in 1960?
Africa after Independence
|Madagascar, Democratic Republic of||June 26, 1960||France|
|Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of the||June 30, 1960||Belgium|
|Somalia, Democratic Republic of||July 1, 1960||Britain|
|Benin, Republic of||Aug. 1, 1960||France|
Which country achieved its independence from France in 1960?
In 1946 Dahomey became an overseas territory of France. It was created an autonomous republic within the French Community in 1959 and achieved complete independence on August 1, 1960.