Question: What impact did trade and technology have on North and West Africa?

North Africa has long been a crucial trade hub for the rest of the continent as well as Europe and Asia. Trade goods like gold, salt, ivory, slaves, and pepper helped to forge major connections across the Sahara.

What impact did trade have on West Africa?

By providing firearms amongst the trade goods, Europeans increased warfare and political instability in West Africa. Some states, such as Asante and Dahomey, grew powerful and wealthy as a result. Other states were completely destroyed and their populations decimated as they were absorbed by rivals.

How did trade impact the economy of Africa?

The trade inflated Africa’s economy by reducing it to a monoculture based on the sale of human beings. As a result, the once strong and developed African states lost their stability and became fragmented by internal and external conflicts that still affect the continent today.

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How did trade develop between West Africa and North Africa?

Why did the gold-salt trade develop between West Africa and North Africa? … Gold was plentiful in West Africa so traders sent the item to North Africa so they too could have the valuable mineral. In return, North Africans gave salt to West Africa.

What did North African traders bring to West Africa?

Travelling across the Sahara desert, the Muslim traders of North Africa dealt with the West Africans. The West Africans exchanged their local products like gold, ivory, salt and cloth, for North African goods such as horses, books, swords and chain mail.

How did trade develop in West Africa?

With the use of camels trade routes began to form between cities across the Sahara Desert. … Islamic traders entered the region and began to trade for gold and slaves from Western Africa. The trade routes remained an important part of the African economy throughout the Middle Ages until the 1500s.

Why is trade so difficult in Africa?

There are a host of shortcomings that limit trade: non-tariffs barriers, red tape and insufficient infrastructure. Tariff barriers remain high outside areas covered by the agreements. Enhancing trade integration between African countries could yield large economic gains. … Informal trade is difficult to measure.

What is the most important economic activity in Africa?

Climatic factors greatly influence Africa’s agriculture, which is considered the continent’s single most important economic activity. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the continent’s working population and contributes 20 to 60 percent of every country’s gross domestic product (GDP).

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How can African trade be improved?

Producing more textiles and other manufactured goods can stimulate trade among African countries. To boost trade among African countries, regional economic communities (RECs), such as ECOWAS, have been created over the last few decades.

What was a major effect of the gold salt trade in Africa?

The gold-salt trade in Africa made Ghana a powerful empire because they controlled the trade routes and taxed traders. Control of gold-salt trade routes helped Ghana, Mali, and Songhai to become large and powerful West African kingdoms.

What role did Berbers play in African trade?

What role did Berbers play in African trade? they carried trade across the desert, helping to make countries and kingdoms prosper.

What are the main reasons for colonialism in Africa?

Causes of colonisation

The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. During this time of colonisation, an economic depression was occurring in Europe, and powerful countries such as Germany, France, and Great Britain, were losing money.

What are three products that people would bring from North Africa to trade in West Africa?

Products a North African trader might bring to trade in West Africa. Salt, copper, and cowrie shells.

Who did West Africa trade with?

Traditionally, slavery in West Africa mostly involved only black Africans, who were both slaveholders and slaves. This changed in the 600s when Arab Muslims, and later Europeans, became slave traders. Though Europeans had long traded resources with Africa, they became more interested in the growing slave trade.

Why did African cities grow wealthy and powerful?

In Western Africa, three kingdoms became wealthy beyond belief by controlling important stops along the trans-Saharan trade routes. The major commodities exchanged in this lucrative network were gold and salt. … The Swahili city-states supplied and connected African raw materials to the rest of the Indian Ocean world.

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