Quick Answer: What is the weather like in West Africa?

Climate. … The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C. Areas within 10° of the equator have a mean annual temperature of about 26°C with a range of 1.7 – 2.8°C; the diurnal range is 5.6 – 8.3°C …

How is the weather in West Africa?

Temperatures in the lowlands of West Africa are high throughout the year, with annual means usually above 18°C. In the Sahel, maximum temperatures can reach above 40°C. … Thus, year-to-year rainfall variability ranges from 10 to 20 percent in the coastal areas to over 40 percent in the northern Sahel (FAO, 1983).

Does it get cold in West Africa?

The region usually experiences rainfall in winter, and the weather is usually warm in temperate all year round. Winter temperatures average 27 degrees Celsius in winter, with minimum temperatures averaging 21 degrees Celsius. The region is very sunny, experiencing between 2700 hours to 3500 hours of sunlight all year.

IMPORTANT:  What is basic economics in South Africa?

What are the climate types in West Africa?

From north to south — from the Sahara to the humid southern coast — West Africa can be subdivided into five broad east-west belts that characterize the climate and the vegetation. These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above.

What are the four climates in West Africa?

The climate of Africa is a range of climates such as the equatorial climate, the tropical wet and dry climate, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical highland climate.

What language do they speak in West Africa?

About 10% speak Swahili, the lingua franca of Southeastern Africa, about 5% speak a Berber dialect, and about 5% speak Hausa, a West African lingua franca.

Demographics.

Arabic (North Africa, Horn of Africa) 100 native + 30 secondary
Tswana (Southern Africa) 4
Kanuri (West Africa) 4
Umbundu (Angola) 4

Which country has the best climate in Africa?

While you won’t say that looking at the past week, South Africa is actually world-renowned for its sunshiney weather. Which is why our beloved #Mzansi, along with Greece, Costa Rica and Cyprus, has made the rankings as one of the Top 10 Countries with the Best Weather and Climate.

Why is there no winter in Africa?

The equator divides Africa in half from north to south. Being on the equator keeps Africa from experiencing winter like North America has.

What are the two major grassland areas of West Africa?

The World Wide Fund for Nature divides the Sudanian savanna into two ecoregions, separated by the Cameroon Highlands. The West Sudanian savanna runs from the Atlantic Ocean to eastern Nigeria, and the East Sudanian savanna runs from the Cameroon Highlands east to the western lowlands of Ethiopia.

IMPORTANT:  Why did South Africa rejoin the Commonwealth?

What are the relief of West Africa?

Most of West Africa’s mountain massifs and highlands, such as the Aïr Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Adrar des Ifoghas, and the Fouta Djallon, originated as Precambrian folds (Church, 1966). Much later, volcanic activity in many of these highlands deposited additional layers of igneous rock.

What is the environment like in West Africa?

West Africa has a rich natural resource base that includes soil, forest, rangeland, and freshwater and marine resources. Increased pressure on these resources from the rapidly growing population is compounded by the region’s vulnerability to climate shocks such as recurrent drought and rising sea levels.

Is Africa a dry continent?

Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates.

African stories