The northern territory remained under direct administration as the Bechuanaland Protectorate and is today’s Botswana, while the southern territory became British Bechuanaland which ten years later became part of the Cape Colony and is now part of the northwest province of South Africa; the majority of Setswana-speaking …
How did Botswana gain independence?
Botswana obtained its independence largely through the agitation of mass political parties, while Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe achieved independence through armed struggle against determined white-minority regimes.
Was Botswana a German colony?
In 1885 Great Britain made Bechuanaland (modern day Botswana) a protectorate. … Bechuanaland was strategically placed between the German colony of South-West Africa and the Boer Transvaal territory to the East.
Why is Botswana so rich?
Diamonds accounted for much of the growth of Botswana’s GDP. … Further, while Botswana is De Beers’ largest supplier of rough diamonds, Debswana, Botswana’s diamond mining partnership with De Beers, transfers more than 75 percent of its profits to the Botswana government and now owns about 15 percent of De Beers .
Who colonized South Africa?
The two European countries who occupied the land were the Netherlands (1652-1795 and 1803-1806) and Great Britain (1795-1803 and 1806-1961). Although South Africa became a Union with its own white people government in 1910, the country was still regarded as a colony of Britain till 1961.
Is Botswana poor or rich?
Botswana is located at the center of Southern Africa, positioned between South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. One of the world’s poorest countries at independence in 1966, it rapidly became one of the world’s development success.