The major food crops are maize, rice, potatoes, bananas, cassava, beans, vegetables, sugar, wheat, sorghum, millet and pulses. Cash crops include: tea, cotton, coffee, pyrethrum, sugar cane, sisal, horticultural crops, oil-crops, cloves, tobacco, coconut and cashew nuts.
What is East Africa’s most important crop?
Maize is Kenya’s principal staple crop, with legumes falling in second place.
What is the main crop grown in Africa?
Yet across Africa today the main vegetables are crops such as sweet potato, cooking banana (plantain), cassava, peanut, common bean, peppers, eggplant, and cucumber. Countries in the elevated central regions—Burundi, Rwanda, Ethiopia, and Kenya—grow potato.
What are 3 crops grown in Africa?
Under the current conditions in Africa, the most extensive area of land (455 million hectares) is suited to the cultivation of cassava, followed by maize (418 million hectares), sweet potato (406 million hectares), soybean (371 million hectares) and sorghum (354 million hectares).
What is the top 2 cash crops for East Africa?
The major crops for export or industrial use include coffee, cotton, tea, tobacco, cashew nuts, and sisal. Coffee is the country’s major export. Its production provides income for more than two million people.
Which country is best in agriculture in Africa?
Liberia is one of the countries whose economy took a leap as a result of their investment in the agricultural sector. Approximately 80% of the West African countries’ GDP is hugely contributed by Liberia which makes it the highest in the world. 68% of Liberia’s employment is contributed by agriculture.
What is East Africa famous for?
Politically, the region is famous for its hospitality to refugees and other politically dispossessed peoples. It was known for its involvement in the fight against apartheid in South Africa and for providing refugee facilities for freedom fighters from Zimbabwe, South Africa, Mozambique, and Angola.
What is the capital of East Africa?
Countries, capitals and largest cities
|Country||Capital||Largest city by population|
|Horn of Africa|
|Ethiopia||Addis Ababa||Addis Ababa (2,739,551; 2007 est.)|
Is it hard to grow crops in Africa?
Smallholder farmers in Africa are still among the poorest in the world. It’s hard for them to maximize their potential without modern agricultural technologies, sufficient investment and a distribution structure that remains ill-suited for accessing markets.
What is Flag of Africa?
The flag of the African Union is a green flag with the dark green map of the African continent on a white sun, surrounded by a circle of 53 5-pointed gold (yellow) stars. 1945 – Flag of the Arab League.
What is Africa known for producing?
Africa is a major producer of important metals and minerals. … Africa’s two most profitable mineral resources are gold and diamonds. In 2008, Africa produced about 483 tons of gold, or 22 percent of the world’s total production. South Africa accounts for almost half of Africa’s gold production.