The first stage of the Triangular Trade involved taking manufactured goods from Europe to Africa: cloth, spirit, tobacco, beads, cowrie shells, metal goods, and guns. The guns were used to help expand empires and obtain more slaves (until they were finally used against European colonizers).
What resources went from Europe to Africa during the triangular trade?
The triangular trade was the trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Raw materials like precious metals (gold and silver), tobacco, sugar and cotton went from the Americas to Europe. Manufactured goods like cloth and metal items went to Africa and the Americas.
What did they bring from England to Africa to trade for slaves?
A ship going to Africa to buy slaves carried a large cargo of mixed goods, such as cotton, brass pans and guns. They were tobacco, sugar, indigo (a plant used for dye), rice, rum and cotton. …
What were the European motives for trade in Africa?
Europeans first became interested in Africa for trade route purposes. They were looking for ways to avoid the taxes of the Arab and Ottoman empires in Southwest Asia. Sailing around Africa was the obvious choice, but it was a long voyage and could not be completed without “pit stops” along the way.
Who started the triangular trade?
The triangular trade
The slave trade began with Portuguese (and some Spanish) traders, taking mainly enslaved West African (and some Central African) people to the American colonies they had conquered in the 15th century.
How did the triangular trade affect Africa?
The size of the Atlantic slave trade dramatically transformed African societies. The slave trade brought about a negative impact on African societies and led to the long-term impoverishment of West Africa. This intensified effects that were already present amongst its rulers, kinships, kingdoms and in society.
What are three effects of slavery in Africa?
The effect of slavery in Africa
Some states, such as Asante and Dahomey, grew powerful and wealthy as a result. Other states were completely destroyed and their populations decimated as they were absorbed by rivals. Millions of Africans were forcibly removed from their homes, and towns and villages were depopulated.
What was the triangular trade route?
The ‘Triangular Trade’ was the sailing route taken by British slave traders. It was a journey of three stages. A British ship carrying trade goods set sail from Britain, bound for West Africa. … The slaves were marched to the coast in chained lines where they were held in prisons called ‘factories’.
How many slaves did Britain have?
However actual (“de facto”) slavery continued in Britain with ten to fourteen thousand slaves in England and Wales, who were mostly domestic servants. When slaves were brought in from the colonies they had to sign waivers that made them indentured servants while in Britain.
Was there slavery in Canada?
Slavery itself was abolished everywhere in the British Empire in 1834. … In 1793 Upper Canada (now Ontario) passed the Anti‐slavery Act. The law freed enslaved people aged 25 and over and made it illegal to bring enslaved people into Upper Canada.