On the Janka scale of hardness, which measures hardness of woods, lignum vitae ranks highest of the trade woods, with a Janka hardness of 4500 lbf (compared with Olneya at 3260 lbf, African blackwood at 2940 lbf, hickory at 1820 lbf, red oak at 1290 lbf, yellow pine at 690 lbf, and Balsa at 100 lbf).
What is the hardest wood in the world?
Generally acknowledged as the hardest wood, lignum vitae (Guaiacum sanctum and Guaiacum officinale) measures in at 4,500 pounds-force (lbf) on the Janka scale.
How hard is African blackwood?
It is slightly oily. Density: African blackwood is very hard and heavy. The Average reported specific gravity is 1.08 (ovendry weight/green volume), equal to an air-dried weight of 91 pcf. Janka hardness is 4050 pounds of force.
Is African blackwood brittle?
“It’s better than Gabon ebony because it is not as brittle.” The heartwood is nearly black, which is why it is often confused with ebony (Diospyros dendo). The whitish-yellowish sapwood is narrow. African blackwood is extremely heavy and hard, with a specific gravity of 1.08.
Is teak the hardest wood?
Teak wood is the best known hardest wood. Even though it is not in the top 15 hardest woods species in the world, teak (Tectona grandis) is the best known. The tree is native to South Asia and its wood has been used for thousands of years, especially in shipbuilding.
What is the rarest wood on earth?
Considered as one of the rarest wood on earth, lignum vitae have exclusive features that you can’t expect before. The most distinctive part is nothing else but its high oil content.
What is the best wood in the world?
Top 10 Most Expensive Woods in the World
- 3 – Dalbergia Wood.
- 4 – Lignum Vitae Wood. …
- 5 – Ebony Wood. …
- 6 – Bocote Wood. …
- 7 – African Blackwood. …
- 8 – Agar Wood. …
- 9 – Sandalwood. …
- 10 – Pink Ivory Wood. Pink Ivory is commonly called as the Red Ivory which is considered as one of the rare African wood available in the market. …
Why is African blackwood so rare?
It has a rare color
African Blackwood is unique because of its rich, dark color. The darker the wood, the more expensive it tends to be. … Most African blackwood trees are poached before turning 50, so the 100-year-old-plus trees ones are very valuable.
Does black wood exist?
Ebony is a dense black/brown hardwood, most commonly yielded by several species in the genus Diospyros, which also contains the persimmons. Ebony is dense enough to sink in water. It is finely textured and has a mirror finish when polished, making it valuable as an ornamental wood.
What kind of wood is dark?
Ebony. Like its name implies, ebony comes in a dark black color. The wood has fine-grained markers to help make it smooth and polished. Ebony is hard and heavy, which makes it a durable option to use with furniture.