The most momentous discovery in western Africa, however, came in 1471, when Portuguese captains first reached the coast of modern Ghana between the mouths of the Ankobra and Volta rivers.
When did the Portuguese first arrived in Africa?
European exploration of Sub-Saharan Africa begins with the Age of Discovery in the 15th century, pioneered by the Kingdom of Portugal under Henry the Navigator.
Why did the Portuguese travel to West Africa?
Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. The trans-Saharan trade routes between Songhay and the North African traders provided Europe with gold coins used to trade spices, silks and other luxuries from India.
When was the beginning of Portuguese maritime voyages to West Africa?
Portuguese explorers landed on the shores of West Africa during the 1430s, after they had begun to build ships that could navigate the shallow waters and strong currents around Cape Bojador, which lies just below the Canary Islands, in the modern nation of Western Sahara.
When the Portuguese first sailed to West Africa what commodity did they hope to find?
Both of these factors prompted the Portuguese interest in Morocco, since, 1, Morocco was a fertile country and a grower of wheat; and 2, the Portuguese hoped that through sailing along the coast of West Africa, they might find access to West African gold supplies and protect their currency.
Who sold African slaves to the Portuguese?
Benin’s conflict over slavery is particularly intense. For over 200 years, powerful kings in what is now the country of Benin captured and sold slaves to Portuguese, French and British merchants.
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
How did the Portuguese obtain most of their African slaves?
How did Portuguese merchants obtain most of their slaves in Africa? They traded for slaves with local leaders.
Did Portugal colonize Africa?
In the 1500s, Portugal colonized the present-day west African country of Guinea-Bissau and the two southern African countries of Angola and Mozambique. The Portuguese captured and enslaved many people from these countries and sent them to the New World. … Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bissau gained independence in 1975.
Why did Europe want raw materials from Africa?
During this time, many European countries expanded their empires by aggressively establishing colonies in Africa so that they could exploit and export Africa’s resources. Raw materials like rubber, timber, diamonds, and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes.
What did the Portuguese hope to acquire in Africa?
why did Portugal begin exploration of the west coast of Africa? Portuguese wanted to find their own Gold markets at a cheaper price to sell at a higher price. As trade with the East increased Portugal needed more gold to pay off their debts.
Why did the Portuguese want to sail around Africa quizlet?
Terms in this set (30) Portuguese explorer who in 1488 led the first expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from the Atlantic and sight the Indian Ocean. Wanted to Christianize the undiscovered world. … Portuguese prince who started a school for sailors and sponsored early voyages of exploration.
What was one of Portugal’s main goals in exploring the west coast of Africa?
What was one of Portugal’s main goals in exploring the west coast of Africa? the science of mapmaking. the Muslim empire was advanced in technology.