Which two diseases claim the most lives in Africa each year?

With malnutrition as a common contributor, the five biggest infectious killers in Africa are acute respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrhea, malaria and tuberculosis, responsible for nearly 80% of the total infectious disease burden and claiming more than 6 million people per year.

What are the 2 deadliest diseases in Africa?

Distribution of the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019

Characteristic Distribution of causes of death
Lower respiratory infections 9.9%
Diarrhoeal diseases 6.4%
HIV/AIDS 5.6%
Ischaemic heart disease 5.5%

What was one of the most common diseases in Africa?

Bubonic plague is the most common form and is … Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus. Polio mainly affects children under 5 years of age. Cases due to wild poliovirus have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated 350 000 cases then, to …

What three diseases were common in Africa?

New People, New Diseases Africa is often considered part of the “old world” consisting of Europe and Asia, but this is only partially true. For millennia the continent had many of the diseases that were in Europe: plague, leprosy, syphilis.

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What is the number one cause of death in Africa?

This statistic shows the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019.

Leading 10 causes of death in Africa in 2019 (in deaths per 100,000 population)

Characteristic Deaths per 100,000 population
Ischaemic heart disease 429
Stroke 426
Malaria 388
Tuberculosis 378

What is the mortality rate of Africa?

Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest under-five mortality rate in the world—76 deaths per 1,000 live births.

What animal is the number one killer in Africa?

Ungainly as it is, the hippopotamus is the world’s deadliest large land mammal, killing an estimated 500 people per year in Africa.

What diseases do Africans have?

Without access to medicines, Africans are susceptible to the three big killer diseases on the continent: malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. Globally, 50% of children under five who die of pneumonia, diarrhoea, measles, HIV, tuberculosis and malaria are in Africa, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

What are major diseases in Africa?

Topic Outline

  • Malaria.
  • Yellow fever.
  • Dengue.
  • African trypanosomiasis.
  • Onchocerciasis.
  • Leishmaniasis.
  • Rickettsioses.
  • Chikungunya fever.

Why is disease such a problem in Africa?

Compared with other regions of the world; Africa faces more serious health concerns, a heavy burden of diseases and more severely constrained resources for tackling these problems. This state of affairs has been exacerbated by recurring natural disasters, poor economic performance and military conflicts.

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