The Elmina Castle, also called Feitoria da Mina, is one of the many forts, fortresses, and castles that were built in Africa by the Portuguese. It was erected in 1482 in the coastal town of Elmina, Ghana, and became one of the first European structures south of the Sahara Desert.
What are African castles called?
Ribat is an Arabic term for a small fortification built along a frontier during the first years of the Muslim conquest of North Africa to house military volunteers, called the murabitun. These fortifications later served to protect commercial routes, and as centers for isolated Muslim communities.
Who built many castles?
The Normans were master castle builders. After 1066, England witnessed a massive castle building programme on the orders of William the Conqueror. First, motte and bailey castles were built. Once William had firmly established his rule in England, he built huge stone keep castles.
Why did we stop building castles?
Why did they stop building castles? Castles were great defences against the enemy. However, when gunpowder was invented the castles stopped being an effective form of defence. … The medieval castle with its high vertical walls was no longer the invincible fortification it had been.