The Portuguese kept their ports and cities on the East African coast for the next two centuries. Muslim traders introduced Islam to the East African coast, and the growth of com- merce caused the religion to spread. Even the smallest towns had a mosque for the faithful. A Muslim sultan, or ruler, governed most cities.
What port cities developed East Africa?
The major autonomous, but symbiotic, city-states stretched over 1,500 miles from Mogadishu (in modern day Somalia) in the north to Sofala (in modern Mozambique) in the south and included Mombasa, Gedi, Pate, Lamu, Malindi, Zanzibar, and Kilwa.
Why did Kilwa seize the port of Sofala?
He promoted agriculture and reestablished the gold-salt trade. Why did Kilwa seize the port of Sofala? … The cities lost their independence and the income they had received by controlling trade. Mutapa lost its ruler, who was replaced with one the Portuguese could control.
Why did cities thrive on the East African coast in the 1300s?
Why did cities thrive on the East African coast in the 1300s? Cities thrived on the East African coast because their seaports allowed them to control and tax all incoming and outgoing trade across the Indian Ocean between East African merchants and traders from Arabia, Persia, and India.
Who brought Islam East Africa quizlet?
East African trade created an entire new language when the Bantu-speaking people and the Arabs started interacting with one another. East African trade also introduced Islam to the east coast of Africa. The Muslim traders brought Islam to east Africa and it quickly spread.
Why were Arab traders interested in East Africa?
– The hospitality of the coastal people also encouraged the Arabs to come to the East African Coast in large numbers since they were welcomed by the coastal people. – They were attracted by the wealth of the coastal towns like Kilwa, Mombasa, Zanzibar, Mogadishu, Pemba, Malindi, Mafia etc.
Why did African trade routes shifted east?
Why did the African trade routes shift to the east several times? … it spread by conquest and through trade. What was the chief means of social and political organization in African stateless societies?
Why did African cities grow wealthy and powerful?
In Western Africa, three kingdoms became wealthy beyond belief by controlling important stops along the trans-Saharan trade routes. The major commodities exchanged in this lucrative network were gold and salt. … The Swahili city-states supplied and connected African raw materials to the rest of the Indian Ocean world.
Why the East African city states grew wealthy?
many Muslim city-states grew along East African Coast, which were wealthy from sea trade. “Africa’s East coast had drawn overseas traders from early times. The main reason was the influence of the Indian Ocean and its monsoon winds.
Who introduced Kiswahili?
The language dates from the contacts of Arabian traders with the inhabitants of the east coast of Africa over many centuries. Under Arab influence, Swahili originated as a lingua franca used by several closely related Bantu-speaking tribal groups.
What event helped spread Islam in Africa?
Geographical Spread. Islam spread from the Middle East to take hold across North Africa during the second half of the 7th century CE when the Umayyad Caliphate (661-750 CE) of Damascus conquered that area by military force.
How did Islam spread to East Africa quizlet?
What religion influenced the East African peoples? Islam because of interaction with Muslim traders. How did Islam spread throughout East Africa? Interaction with Muslim traders which began the spread which lead to the building of Mosques and Muslim rulers began to govern most cities.
Why did Islam spread throughout Africa quizlet?
Islam would spread to West Africa by trade. … In 11th century, muslim people from the north waged a jihad/holy war in Ghana.