British activity on the West African coast was centred around the lucrative slave trade. European ships took more than 11 million people into slavery from the West African coast. … One of the chief justifications for this so-called ‘scramble for Africa’ was a desire to stamp out slavery once and for all.
Why did the British get involved in Africa?
The British wanted to control South Africa because it was one of the trade routes to India. However, when gold and diamonds were discovered in the 1860s-1880s their interest in the region increased. This brought them into conflict with the Boers. … Tensions between Boers and British led to the Boer War of 1899-1902.
What were the 3 main reasons for European imperialism in Africa?
The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution.
What was the Scramble for Africa and why did it happen in the 1880’s?
Causes of the Scramble for Africa
The Scramble for Africa (1880–1900) was a period of rapid colonization of the African continent by European powers. But it wouldn’t have happened except for the particular economic, social, and military evolution Europe was going through.
What African countries are still under British rule?
Britain had many colonies in Africa: in British West Africa there was Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, Southern Cameroon, and Sierra Leone; in British East Africa there was Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika and Zanzibar); and in British South Africa there was South Africa, Northern Rhodesia (Zambia), Southern …
Is South Africa still under British rule?
The two European countries who occupied the land were the Netherlands (1652-1795 and 1803-1806) and Great Britain (1795-1803 and 1806-1961). Although South Africa became a Union with its own white people government in 1910, the country was still regarded as a colony of Britain till 1961.
What was a major effect of European imperialism on Africa?
Colonialism had a huge impact on the lives of Africans. Economic policies were adopted by Europeans who destroyed the colonies, rather than help them. Africa was damaged economically, politically, and culturally. Africa’s traditional lifestyles and culture were destroyed.
What are 3 reasons for colonization?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
What did Europe want from Africa?
Raw materials like rubber, timber, diamonds, and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes. During the 1800s, Europeans moved further into the continent in search of raw materials and places to build successful colonies.