Portugal began to explore the coasts of South America and Africa in the 1400s to establish trading posts. … The lack of formal states in Africa made gaining cooperation with local officials more difficult. For this reason, Belgium and France established systems of indirect rule.
Why did Portugal begin to explore the coast of South Africa?
Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. The trans-Saharan trade routes between Songhay and the North African traders provided Europe with gold coins used to trade spices, silks and other luxuries from India.
Why did the Portuguese want to explore in the 1400?
Portuguese wanted to find their own Gold markets at a cheaper price to sell at a higher price. As trade with the East increased Portugal needed more gold to pay off their debts.
Why did the Portuguese start exploring?
Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia Explorations. The aim of Portugal in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade. Taking advantage of the rivalries that pitted Hindus against Muslims, the Portuguese established several forts and trading posts between 1500 and 1510.
Why had no one explored past Cape bojador?
In Henry’s first few missions nobody would dare to go past Cape Bojador. This was because the sailors were afraid the waters beyond the coastline, about five kilometers out, were only two meters deep and the currents were so strong they would take the ship away.
Did Portugal colonize South Africa?
The Portuguese explored the coasts of South Africa in the late 15th century, and nominally claimed them as their own with the erecting of padrões (large stone cross inscribed with the coat of arms of Portugal placed there as part of a land claim).
What did the Portuguese attempt to achieve?
Under the leadership of Prince Henry the Navigator, Portugal took the principal role during most of the fifteenth century in searching for a route to Asia by sailing south around Africa. In the process, the Portuguese accumulated a wealth of knowledge about navigation and the geography of the Atlantic Ocean.
Why did the Portuguese want to sail around Africa quizlet?
Terms in this set (30) Portuguese explorer who in 1488 led the first expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from the Atlantic and sight the Indian Ocean. Wanted to Christianize the undiscovered world. … Portuguese prince who started a school for sailors and sponsored early voyages of exploration.
What was one result of the Portuguese exploration of the African coast?
The Muslim monopoly on the spice trade in Asia was broken. The West African kingdoms. One consequence of the Portuguese expeditions was contact with West Africa. … Portugal used African slaves as early as 1497 in the sugarcane fields on the islands it took over off the African coast.