Africans were forcibly brought to British owned colonies in the Caribbean and sold as slaves to work on plantations. Those engaged in the trade were driven by the huge financial gain to be made, both in the Caribbean and at home in Britain.
Why was slavery needed in the West Indies?
To keep profits high, plantation owners wanted a cheap labour force, and quickly, to cultivate and process the sugar. They dicided that African slaves were the answer. As a result the Atlantic slave trade developed.
Why were African slaves brought to Jamaica?
In the 18th century, sugar replaced piracy as Jamaica’s main source of income. The sugar industry was labour–intensive and the British brought hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans to Jamaica.
What was shipped from West Africa to the West Indies?
The “middle passage,” which brought the slaves from West Africa to the West Indies, might take three weeks. Unfavorable weather conditions could make the trip much longer. The Transatlantic (Triangular) Trade involved many continents, a lot of money, some cargo and sugar, and millions of African slaves.
When did slavery start in the West Indies?
Between 1662 and 1807 Britain shipped 3.1 million Africans across the Atlantic Ocean in the Transatlantic Slave Trade. Africans were forcibly brought to British owned colonies in the Caribbean and sold as slaves to work on plantations.
Was there slavery in Africa?
Slavery has historically been widespread in Africa. Systems of servitude and slavery were common in parts of Africa in ancient times, as they were in much of the rest of the ancient world.
Why did the Chinese come to Jamaica?
The migra- tion of Chinese was encouraged from the Chinese end by land hunger, high taxes, civil war, warlordism, international war and intervention – and particularly in southern and south eastern China, whence came the Hakka, the primary ethnic group that entered Jamaica.
How many slaves died in the West Indies?
The number purchased by the traders was considerably higher, as the passage had a high death rate with approximately 1.2–2.4 million dying during the voyage and millions more in seasoning camps in the Caribbean after arrival in the New World.
Where did the slaves in the West Indies come from?
In the mid 16th century, enslaved people were trafficked from Africa to the Caribbean by European mercantilists. Originally, white European indentured servants worked alongside enslaved African people in the “New World” (the Americas).
What part of Africa did Barbados slaves come from?
Origins. Most of the enslaved Africans brought to Barbados were from the Bight of Biafra (62,000 Africans), the Gold Coast (59,000 Africans), and the Bight of Benin (45,000 Africans).